The movement for women’s rights and gender equality began with Evelyn Cunningham an activist of the Civil Rights Movement in the USA during the 20th century, at last, found expression in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 under the sponsorship of the UN. One of those principal rights stresses the requirement for gender equality and non-discrimination based on sex. Subsequently it is universally recognized that the empowerment of women and gender equality is imperative for the socio-economic development of a nation, building steady, democratic societies, protecting human rights, furthering international harmony and security, developing dynamic market economies, addressing health and education challenges. The level of women empowerment and gender equality determines the contrast between developed and developing countries. Any country trying to change its economic fortunes and building a melodious society needs to embrace this comprehensive approach. It is easier said than done, particularly in the developing countries with social inequalities, traditional prejudices against women, urban and rural divide, and the lack of opportunities for women to become part of the national working force.
Progressive governments in Pakistan have been showing commitment to women empowerment and gender equality by taking managerial and legal measures to guarantee that the women joining the workforce were given an honorable workplace. Because of these tireless endeavors, Pakistan today can boast of being a reformist entity where women are making their contribution in each field of national life. Women have a 10% quota in the Central Superior Services (CSS). Pakistan’s parliament has over 100 female members who apart from adding to other national efforts are likewise zeroing in on issues related to women, for example, fair access of women to assets, knowledge, and institutions. The significance that Pakistan joins attaches to women development and gender equality can be gauged from the way that it declared 22 December as National Day of Working Women in 2010 to recognize their role in the nation-building, sharpening the society about their respect and to energize their investment in each field of work.