US withdrawal from Afghanistan: a new challenge

United States intends to serve its vital national and regional interest and is reluctant to leave Afghanistan at the time. It is, therefore, set to create options through political maneuvering; it has accused Russia of supporting Taliban and other militant factions against United States, and claims that Russia is contesting as a major power and is breeding ground for a new cold war

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President Joe Biden has assumed the oval office; democratic revivalism is sensed across the horizons as the champion of democracy has rephrased the notion of America first and is back on its path to contest at the global level. President Biden has vocally stepped back from the policies which were against the American concept of democracy, secularism, pluralism, and unity. He has enthusiastically taken up a greater challenge to restore American credibility and integrity within the country and on foreign lands. Halting the construction of the Mexican wall, easing the Muslim immigration, rejoining the Kyoto protocol, revisiting JCPOA, and reviewing the 2020 peace deal with the Taliban enlists all the major policy shifts President Biden sought to bring during his administration. Afghanistan has been an epicenter of war against terrorism since 2001. The United States and its NATO allies have been stationed in Afghanistan for twenty years. However, after a struggle of two decades, Trump’s administration and Taliban concluded a historic deal where the United States and its NATO allies have agreed to evacuate its troops from Afghanistan by May 2021, provided that Taliban stand by their words of coming into terms with the sitting government and cutting ties with Al-Qaeda.

President Biden’s administration, advancing his foreign policy goals and aiming to address the American regional and national security concerns, has declared to revisit the Afghan peace deal of 2020.  US concerns the ongoing violence led by insurgent groups and its eminence within Afghanistan. They accuse Taliban of breaching the deal, as the journalists and political activists continue to be assassinated. President Biden intends to maneuver the agreement paving the way to secure a responsible close for Afghanistan and safeguard its own national interests, as Pentagon Press Secretary, John F. Kirby stated that, “Without them meeting their commitments to renounce terrorism and to stop the violent attacks against the Afghan National Security Forces, it’s very hard to see a specific way forward for the negotiated settlement”  Taliban, on the other hand, pose a stern stance on their commitment to the peace deal; they claim that they have decreased the level of their operations and deny any responsibility for the targeted bombing and assassinations. Taliban are also skeptical about the US withdrawal from Afghanistan, they have categorically declared that if America breaches the peace deal they will continue to endure their Jihad against the infidel foreign forces.

International communities, including NATO, China and other regional countries fear this historic deal upon which the peace of the region relies. Parties involved are concerned with the situation in Afghanistan, as the existing government and Taliban are still on conflicting terms. The overall situation is ambiguous and if America evacuates at this crucial point it would take the State back to the times where it had been a breeding ground for militants. Today, America is in a critical situation where it has limited options to crack a new deal with Taliban. President Biden can either leave Afghanistan as decided (by former President of US), and sponsor a new civil war or it can influence Taliban to revisit the peace deal and craft space for its prolonged stay. In this regard, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said in a virtual conference that, “We will only leave when the time is right and the focus now is on how we can support the peace talks”

United States intends to serve its vital national and regional interest and is reluctant to leave Afghanistan at the time. It is, therefore, set to create options through political maneuvering; it has accused Russia of supporting Taliban and other militant factions against United States, and claims that Russia is contesting as a major power and is breeding ground for a new cold war. US also criticize China for not investing capital in the reconstruction of war torn Afghanistan and constructing an image that the regional contestants are reluctant to play their part for the peace process. US portrays that it is not in a position to leave Afghanistan at the time when ground is already been prepared for further chaos. Currently, U.S is calculating the malaise and then would either convince Taliban or would bring them to enforce a new command for its further stay. But this time under President Biden, America has to play competently and vigilantly to gain Taliban’s confidence. It has to maintain its presence without increasing the number of troops on ground or placing hard sanctions on Taliban because in the contemporary scenario America is not in a position to dictate the world on its terms, it has to be very reasonable and credible towards the world until it can achieve its lost prestige over the globe.

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