UNSC Reforms


United Nations Security Council is often criticized as the most powerful organ of the universal body, which isn’t effective and that it needs to be fundamentally reformed. Security Council reform is of fundamental interest to all member states. It is in the interest of everyone to seek a more democratic, effective and credible mechanism for the maintenance of international peace and security through a comprehensive reform of the Security Council. The loudest calls for reform come from those who believe that the inclusion of a host of new permanent members is the answer to the effectiveness deficit. Others argue that it is folly to suggest that the addition of new permanent members would amount to meaningful reform. Full-scale negotiations to reform the Security Council began in the General Assembly in February 2009 on five key areas, the categories of membership, the question of veto, regional representation, the size of an enlarged Security Council, and working methods of the council and its relationship with the General Assembly. Progress towards restructuring the Security Council remains blocked as India, Brazil, Germany and Japan continue pushing for permanent seats in the Council, while the Italy/Pakistan-led Uniting for Consensus (UfC) group firmly opposes any additional permanent members. Pakistan has a long-standing principled position against the increase in permanent membership. Pakistan as part of the Uniting for Consensus (UfC) group has been promoting the effective and possible reform of the Security Council reforms based on consensus among UN Membership. The Uniting for Consensus (UfC) proposal provides an excellent basis for a solution that can address the interests of all states. The UFC proposal is fair, just and democratic. Pakistan, as a member of the UFC, remains ready for constructive dialogue with all parties to reach a possible agreement on Security Council reforms. Although there is a general desire amongst the membership to reform the Council, there is yet no agreement on the modalities to achieve that. Most controversial and divisive is the question of adding new permanent members.

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