Universal Health Coverage Day

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The United Nations has embraced seventeen sustainable development goals for eliminating poverty and building a stronger planet. One of those goals incorporates giving universal health coverage. An alliance of around 700 organizations in 116 nations marks 12 December as Universal Health Coverage day, encouraging world leaders to deliver on vows to accomplish universal health coverage. The objective of universal health coverage is to guarantee that all individuals acquire the health services they require without bearing financial difficulty while paying for them. This requires a solid, proficient, well-run health system, health services, admittance to fundamental technologies and medicines, and adequate well-trained, motivated health workers. Universal health coverage not only includes the promotive and preventive care but also clean air, food security, and oxygen access.

Like other parts of the world, Universal Health Coverage day was marked in Pakistan as well, aiming to raise awareness of the need for strong and resilient health systems and universal health coverage. Every year on 12 December, Universal Health Coverage advocates raise their voices to share the stories of the large number of individuals still waiting for health care, champion what has been accomplished up until now, approach leaders to make greater and more astute interests in wellbeing, and urge different groups to make commitments to help draw the world nearer to Universal Health Coverage by 2030.

Pakistan ranks 6th in the total world populace and according to its prerequisites, the human health workforce is very inadequate. Pakistan is one of the 57 nations that lack human health assets. In Pakistan doctor to patient ratio is 1:1300, medical attendant to patient proportion is 1:20 while, the doctor to medical attendant (nurse) proportion is 1:2.7. Nonetheless, as per the World Health Organization, it is prescribed that the medical specialist to patient ratio should be 1:1000, while, suitable doctor to nurse ratio is 1:4. Likewise, as indicated by the Pakistan Nursing Council the nurse to patient ratio should be 1:10 and 2:1 in general and specialized areas, separately.

2020 has been a long moment of reckoning for health systems around the globe. While the unforgiving exercises of COVID-19 are a long way from new and keeping in mind that feelings of dread and injustices presently standing out as headlines mirror the daily truth of millions before the pandemic. The sheer size of this emergency has started new urgencies around health systems and universal health coverage.  More leaders than ever are focusing, and more individuals are ascending to demand change.

The objective of universal health coverage (UHC) has gotten more feasible as the world has gotten more extravagant, prompting more prominent admittance to health services and advancements, for example, antibodies and vaccines, and to the most dramatic decrease in poverty ever accomplished. The government of Pakistan is to provide Sehat-plus cards from January 2021 to avail free of cost health services.

Moreover, a stable and utilitarian arrangement of medical services requires commonly advantageous and helpful connections as well as incorporates primary, secondary, and tertiary care. Such reconciliation and various policies could be planned and actualized to fortify Pakistan’s medical care system to guarantee that each benefit from the basic right to health, political leaders of the world need to settle on the correct decisions, the rational economic, financial, and social decision of universal health coverage. Along with these, other key measures can also be taken to improve the health care sector of Pakistan; control populace development, increased literacy rate, an increased financial plan for the health sector, control debasement in general wellbeing ventures, regionalization of Healthcare benefits, and advance medical education, proper check on quackery and exchange of human resource and knowledge with developed countries.

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