Treaty of Dover between ENGLAND-FRANCE


Treaty of Dover, pact by which Charles II of England promised to support French policy in Europe in return for a French subsidy that would free him from financial dependence on Parliament was finalized on December 31, 1670.
There were actually two treaties of Dover in 1670: one, which was secret was concerned with the conversion of England to the Roman Catholic faith, which was favoured by Charles II; and the other, which was formal, was concerned with an Anglo-French military and naval alliance designed to subjugate the United Provinces of the Netherlands, which was desired by Louis XIV. The secret treaty in the negotiation of which Charles’s Sister Henrietta Anna, duchesse d’Orléans, was deeply involved was concluded on June 1. By it, Charles II was to receive £200,000 in money and the support of 6,000 French troops, if needed, so that he might declare himself a Roman Catholic, and a further £300,000 a year to enable him to join a war against the Dutch. Among other clauses it was stipulated that England would support any claims that Louis might get to the Spanish succession. To allay suspicion, the formal treaty was concluded through the ordinary diplomatic channels on December 31, omitting all mention of religion.

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