The Political Change in Iran


Worldwide, things are moving in a different way amid Covid 19. Consequently, many issues emerged in the backdrop of the pandemic. In the recently held presidential elections, Ebrahim Raisi’s victory was not a surprise for many.

Recently after being officially authorized on by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as Iran’s eighth president, the 60-year-old gestured that he will continue talks to reinstate the country’s 2015 nuclear deal with world powers from which the US individually withdrew three years ago. he recently revealed that “We will positively be after lifting cruel sanctions, but we will certainly not make the people’s livelihoods and the economy conditioned, and won’t tie it to the will of foreigners”.

According to some analysts, there were nevertheless two key alterations between the 2021 presidential election and the others held since 1997, when Iran started orchestrating races that are more competitive and Mohammad Khatami, a reformist, won a surprise triumph.

Firstly, the procedure was more restricted than normal. Out of the 592 candidates who presented their nominations, only seven men met with endorsement from the Guardian Council, the twelve-member body of jurists and clerics in charge of selection of candidates, which is thoroughly allied with Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.

This number is somewhat higher than in the 2017 presidential polls, when the Guardian Council permitted only six out of 1,636 applicants. However, what surprised Iranians, both elite and general public to equivalent measure, was the character of the random disqualifications this time around. Secondly, the risks were higher in this election. With the 82-year-old Ayatollah Khamenei’s succession looming huge, and the country facing a countless exterior and interior challenges, the Islamic Republic is approaching a critical stage.

Ayatollah Khamenei might felt that he cannot afford a divided government. According to official figures, in presidential elections turnout was 48.8 percent, the bottommost in any presidential race since the 1979 revolution. Also for the first time since the revolution, the share of canceled votes was the second largest after Raisi, who won by a sweep. Now when everything ha been done, the challenge for the President would be to deal with the weakening economy.

The revolutionary government Raisi assured to form has a phenomenal task ahead to fix an economy that suffers from a lethal mix of United States sanctions, the COVID-19 pandemic, and organizational issues that have taken grip after decades of mishandling. . One inevitable economic adversity that progressively makes everyday life more problematic for Iranians is inflation, which many Iranian economists and analysts imagine to continue above 40 percent at least until later this year.

On the other hand, the central bank had set a target of 22 percent for annual inflation for both the former and the present Iranian calendar year, which ends in March 2022. According to a report by the labour ministry of Iran, food inflation traversed the “emergency” verge in the month ending June 21, with over two-thirds of staples like meat, rice and fruits seeing an average annual price hike of at least 24 percent. US sanctions have also efficiently cut Iran out of the global economy, reducing oil revenues and incomes. As the government of former US President Donald Trump barraged Iran with one banning after another, the cash-strapped government of former President Hassan Rouhani kept inclined on a reliant central bank to print more money.

Since 2018, when the Trump administration individually abandoned Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal with world powers and embarked on an extreme burden campaign to affect the country’s economy. There would certainly be need of many reforms to deal with the mentioned issues. People of Iran are waiting for these reforms as they are facing the worst situation since long. The youth in particular is anxious enough to see something positive happening in the country.

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