The Pakistan-Russia-China Troika in the Middle East


The Middle East has been a dominant theatre for the major powers’ interventions for over several decades. The sectarian and ethnic divisions have significantly contributed to the exploitation of the Middle Eastern countries by the regional powers as well as extra-regional powers. To date, the Middle Eastern region, overall, is facing political instability and security crisis, and the people of the region are suffering the most from the ongoing crisis. The rising Pakistan-Russia-China troika in the Middle East can bring peace and stability in the region if it uses its potential at fullest. For instance, Pakistan has been enjoying cordial ties with the regional states over time and is pursuing a balancing strategy in the region and vis-à-vis the KSA-Iran conflict in particular. Moreover, it has recently unveiled its multipolar grand strategy in a first-of-its-kind Islamabad Security Dialogue which has set the future course of action for Pakistan. It is pertinent to mention that one of the aspects of its grand strategy emphasizes connectivity-driven economic diplomacy. Russia also enjoys excellent relations with the countries in the Persian Gulf especially Iran and KSA that are the most influential in the region. China has developed strong and balanced relations with the states in the region, especially in the last two decades. China is the second-largest buyer of oil from KSA and the largest buyer of Iranian oil. The Belt and Road Initiative has impressively increased Chinese influence in the region. The recent 25-year strategic partnership deal between China and Iran has significantly increased Chinese influence over Iran. The strong ties of Pakistan, Russia and China with the Middle Eastern states, especially KSA and Iran, enable them to play an effective role for the resolution of conflicts in the region.

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