The Need of Melioristic Efforts
The state’s leader can contribute towards the betterment of the world particularly with regards to human rights. The leaders should need to deal all the inhabitants of the state similarly without any discrimination. The majorities, minorities and different ethnic groups that are habituating in the state must be treated equally regardless of their cultural and religious differences. The state ought to develop the system of accountancy, transparency and rule of law that ensures and protect the rights of all citizens.
In contemporary world, the circumstance of human rights are critical. Extreme issues of human rights are happening in the world. Presently violation of the rights of people, crimes against mankind, genocide or mass destruction and so forth are occurring in the world. Human rights aren’t secure. In specific territories of the world, people have no right to say, to move freely or to practice their religion. Human beings are being treated with brutally, discrimination and mass killings are happening against them.
Although human rights are the rights that every individual is entitled to possess regardless of their belief, creed and colour and these human rights incorporate right to live liberated from a wide range of discrimination, the right to respect, equality and to have property etc. A couple of treaties are present to protect the rights of all people on the standards of equivalence and justice. Despite having treaties and universal laws on human rights, violation of the rights of people still happens. Almost all countries are part of those treaties yet at the same time human rights abuse is happening in the world. Abuse against humanity exist world wide. We can see numerous instances of the nations where human rights violation occurs e.g., in Myanmar, Palestine, Kashmir, Yemen and Syria etc. If we look at the appraisal of the human rights in Myanmar, at that point we came to realize that the nation is confronting extreme human rights abuse against Rohingya Muslims for a quite prolonged time. They are not treated similarly as others of Myanmar and they don’t have any political or social rights. They confronted issues in getting their basic rights e.g., expression, free movement, education and so on. Apart from this, same is the circumstance in Kashmir. There is a gross human rights violation against Kashmiri Muslims in Indian occupied Kashmir. The Kashmiri’s are being harshly slaughtered by the Indian armed force. There is genocide occurring against them. India is disobeying the Geneva Convention on human rights. Regardless of these, all individual has the right to live uninhibitedly and autonomously of their own choice. As indicated by article 3 of UDHR, “all has the right to life, freedom and security of individual”. The situation of human rights is critical yet it tends to be improve through human efforts.
Meliorism is one of the component of liberal school of thought which accentuated that world can lead towards human happiness and betterment through human efforts and intervention. By promoting human rights through human efforts, world can lead towards betterment. Through melioristic efforts, the circumstance of human rights can be improve. It require endeavors from the leaders, community and from the individuals to improve the world for humans where there will be no human right issues, no discrimination, no human right abuse and to make a place where all individuals will be treated equally. In certain nations, humanitarian crisis, human rights violations, ethnic cleansing, genocide are occurring e.g., in Kashmir, Syria, Myanmar and Yemen and so forth. So through human intervention the circumstance can be improved. The capable countries and the international organizations need to intervene and do peace keeping operations, provide assistance and aid to the failed states so as to secure human rights without any interests. It becomes a need to intercede to keep the harmony and to prop up a failed state e.g., in case of R2P. So through intervention, world can lead towards improvement. The countries who are violating human rights so other countries need to interrupt all communication by sea, air, rail, post, telegraph etc., in other words total isolation of the culprit country should be taken. The other countries and international organizations like UN ought to avert all activities of the violating country by applying both sanctions and security measures. Apart from this, the UDHR should be made legal for all countries instead of being moral so that all countries are bound to follow and obey the declaration and that will help in reducing the humans rights violation.
In certain cultures or societies, there are destructive cultural practices like child brides or child marriages, female child murder and the concept of sati and Jauhar also exists among the Hindu communities and so forth which damages female pride. These practices have terrible consequences on women’s life and also violates the rights of women leading to discrimination. In spite of their damaging nature and their violation of worldwide human rights laws, such practices persist on the grounds that they are not addressed and take on an atmosphere of profound morality according to those practicing them. So such practices ought to be banned in all cultures. Governments ought to adopt laws to disallow unsafe cultural practices. The states should make an app system that deals with human rights violations. If any person sees any abuse being done on the other individual so they need to complain through the online system so that police and other authorities should take quick action against the culprit. If there is no availability of this system then national committees should be set up to deal with harmful cultural practices that violates human rights. Government should cooperate with religious institutions and with other organizations in order to prohibit such practices. States ought to alter the societal and cultural mentalities of both male and female, so as to end customary practices dependent on the idea of the supremacy or inferiority of either gender. Statesmen need to enhance general awareness of the value of girl children by public education, advancing equivalent treatment for young ladies and young men at all levels. Respect for girls and women must be ingrained in boys since from the beginning.
The state’s leader can contribute towards the betterment of the world particularly with regards to human rights. The leaders should need to deal all the inhabitants of the state similarly without any discrimination. The majorities, minorities and different ethnic groups that are habituating in the state must be treated equally regardless of their cultural and religious differences. The state ought to develop the system of accountancy, transparency and rule of law that ensures and protect the rights of all citizens. Apart from this, they additionally need to build up complaint mechanisms so that the citizens can lodge a complaint if they see any human right abuse happening anywhere within the state so then actions can be taken against the violator.
In a nutshell, the state’s government ought to create a public protector framework so that a person who’s right is being violated, they can have approach to a lawyer and a victim person can file the case against the culprit and the perpetrator ought to be punished which will help in ending the human rights abuse as fear among the people will be created. The government of all nations should initiate programs on human rights and should made them obligatory for all so that individuals can learn the rights so as to prevent human rights violation. Furthermore, individuals ought to take part in providing financial help to human rights abuse victims. All people should need to secure the rights of others. If any individual sees somebody’s right is being damaged or violated then he or she needs to help the victim. They can share the story to the media or web or some other medium so that people become aware. They ought to report human rights abuse cases to consultant authorities with the goal that actions ought to be made against the violator. Thus, through human efforts and humanitarian intervention, world can lead towards a better place for humans where there will be no human rights violations.
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