The concept of Eurasia


Chinese are the most historically minded of people. President Xi Jinping launched his “New Silk Road” initiative in 2013; no one should have been surprised by the historical reference. Eurasia is an idea whose time, it is said, has come around again. The Russian concept of Eurasianism started as a philosophical and political movement at the beginning of the XX century developed by Russian intellectuals who emigrated after the Communist revolution in 1917. Kazakhstan introduced and developed his own vision, policies, perceptions and values of Eurasianism which he has been propagating and practicing on a continuous and consistent basis. Kazakhstan has maintained low business risk, sustained healthy diplomatic relations with the United States, and recognizes the importance of investing in human capital. The future of trade in Asia could depend heavily on what becomes of China’s expansive One Belt, One Road initiative, which calls for massive investment in and development of trade routes in the region. Strategically located between East and West, Kazakhstan was historically interlinked with major communication routes and paths of trade that are known today as the ancient Silk Road. Kazakhstan is a textbook example of how a multi-ethnic nation the ninth largest country in the world can live in peace and stability as well as secure a major standing on the international arena, thanks to its balanced and multi-vector foreign policy. For Kazakhstan, Eurasia is a unique region where all ethnic, cultural and religious groups live and co-exist peacefully through centuries of mutual trust, belief and understanding. Kazakhstan is central Asia’s most prosperous state. Kazakhstan’s policy of Eurasianism is not simply an abstract concept but it is reflected and very much alive and visible in all aspects of social, economic and political life. Another important aspect of Kazakhstan’s Eurasian foreign policy is its emphasis on trade and economic relations with emerging market economies in Asia and Asia-Pacific regions, including the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). For Kazakhstan, interactions with both East and West in political, economic, social and cultural spheres are crucial and important for peace, stability, security and prosperity in the Eurasian zone. The Eurasian policy of Kazakhstan has another dimension; its relations with the Muslim countries which are important in order to strengthen its relations with the Arab and other Muslim countries

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