The alarming surge in Diabetes in Pakistan

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According to the International Diabetes Federation’s report, the prevalence of diabetes in Pakistan has increased significantly as 33 million adults are now living with diabetes in the country with an increase of 70 percent. The report, ranking the world’s top countries for a number of adults (20–79 years) with diabetes in 2021 has put Pakistan in third place with a total of 33 million, after China (141 million) and India (74 million). In Pakistan, one in four adults (26.7%) is living with diabetes which is the highest national prevalence in the world.  The report further revealed that an additional 11 million adults in Pakistan have Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT), which places them at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Meanwhile, more than a quarter (26.9%) of adults living with diabetes in Pakistan remain undiagnosed, which means that undetected or ineffectively treated diabetic people are at risk of serious and life-threatening difficulties such as heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and lower-limb amputation. Internationally, 90% of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. The increase in the number of people with type 2 is caused by complex chemistry of socio-economic, demographic, environmental, and genetic factors while the key contributors include urbanization, an aging population, declining levels of physical activity, and increased levels of overweight and obesity.

Evidence proposes that type 2 diabetes can frequently be barred with the help of early diagnosis and reaching appropriate care for all types of diabetes. Consequently, this can evade or delay problems in people living with the condition.

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