Split in Taliban’s regime is affecting women education in Afghanistan

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The restriction of education was one of the Taliban’s most systematic and severe injustices against women. Afghanistan’s education system was already seriously harmed throughout the country’s military wars in the 1980s and 1990s before the Taliban came to power in 1996. Almost all schooling for girls and women was outlawed under the Taliban’s five-year reign. Afghanistan is not the same as it was in 1996. The people of Afghanistan want to send their daughters and sisters to school to get an education. The Taliban’s rights for human record in Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001 was marked by structural breaches of women’s and girls’ rights, as well as cruel inhumane acts, including executions, and strict limits on religious freedom, speech, and education. All types of education for girls and women were prohibited. Since August 2021, When the Taliban came to power their education policies for women are mixed and confused. Taliban are creating an environment in which even if they are allowed to study it would be really difficult for them, girls are allowed to attend primary school but prohibited to attend secondary school. When the Taliban allowed the primary school kids back to school and women may study for degrees, they seemed more open and changed the regime than they were in 1996 but the strictly imposing a gender-segregated system has already made it very difficult for women to continue their higher education. However, if girls’ high school will remain close the vows to enable university study is useless. The Taliban leadership, which is all-male and ideologically motivated, abandoned its commitment to permit girls to return to school for secondary education this month. The decision surprised most of the world, including many Afghans, especially since the Taliban had offered all required guarantees that it would not happen. The Taliban regime’s problems are being exacerbated by internal divisions within the Taliban administration. The Taliban’s recent U-turn on women’s education has raised concerns about policymaking in the Taliban. In a previous news conference, Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid stated that young women in Afghanistan should be permitted to return to school in March, however, the Taliban then reversed their decision on a reopening date. A top leadership meeting in Kandahar made this decision. The Taliban government is split on policy; one faction, which is more conservative and adheres to the old school of thinking, has forbidden girls from returning to school, while the Haqqani network, led by Deputy Prime Minister Abdul Ghani Barader, is in support of girls returning to school education.  All of the young girls were looking forward to the start of their school, but the Taliban government’s U-turn has saddened the Afghan girls and left them in tears.

Taliban who came to power after the United States withdrew from Afghanistan claimed to be more open to society, particularly women, which is a major issue for the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. Education is an important and vital aspect of society that should be provided to all children regardless of gender, but in Afghanistan, girls have been denied this privilege. While the Taliban’s affluent and powerful officials send their daughters to schools and institutions across the world, notably Qatar in southwest Asia, millions of Afghan girls are forbidden from attending school and suffer from hunger. Fearless female students, instructors, and activists have also been spotted demonstrating in the streets of Kabul in opposition to the continued restriction on girls’ education, now the question is how harsh the new system will be, and what kind of Islamic-based education would be required for girls?

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