Security Realignment in Middle East


Ever since Arab spring, Middle East security architecture underwent through successive transformation with escalated violence and hostility at inter and intrastate level. This devious drive resulted into fragile security environment and it seeks preferential treatment from the powerful actors of the Middle Eastern states in particular the GCC states. In the context of collective security and stability, various regulations are amended. For instance, The Supreme Council passed the amendment of Article 6 of the Joint Defense Agreement and revamped it to the “Joint Peninsula Shield Forces Command” to the GCC Unified Military Command. All the member states affirmed their commitment to ensuring security by military cooperation. Also, the plans of joint military exercises were brought to the discussion table. The GCC states agree to accumulate military strength to deter any kind of security threats in foreseeable future. Effective military preparedness is another key area that GCC states look to develop to deal with all the traditional and nontraditional security challenges.

The Supreme Council has explicitly shown resolve the Cooperation Council’s firm staunch positions and commitment towards mitigating the challenge of terrorism and extremism, irrespective of its roots or orientation. Likewise, the GCC body also openly denounced multifarious existing manifestations, heinous objectives, and validations, and assured concrete measures to trace resources of Terror Financing. Notwithstanding the fault lines and fragmentations, the GCC forum look to build a new outlook of coordinated efforts through promoting tolerance and coexistence among all the brotherly nations and their citizens are among the most key principles and standards on which societies of the council states are put together, and their relations ties other peoples were based.

Apart from this, the GCC body summit also critically reviewed the transnational threats stemming from the non-state actors that perpetrate the asymmetric, proxy warfare in the region. In a joint declarations-called ISIL (ISIS) stated as “terrorist” organization that has dented the global image of Muslim states through violence and hostility. GCC summit categorically rejected such heinous agendas also remained determined to uproot the menace of terrorism and insurgency from the region through inclusive measures for countering terrorism and counterinsurgency.

The members of meeting through their weight behind the discourse of sovereign states by rejecting all the manifestations that promotes the interventionist tendencies and subordinates the policies and freedom of state, GCC points rebuffing foreign intrusion in the internal matters of Arab countries and accentuated the standing of discontinuing from confrontational acts through fueling scuffles and strife. The Supreme Council states the security of the states of the GCC is a fundamental foundation of the Arab national security conferring to the Arab league charter.

In the realm of regional geostrategic and conflicting affairs, the Palestine issue remained another key agenda of discussion in the summit, with the normalization of ties of Israel with the Arab world it was a critical juncture for the Palestine conflict to assess the position of the Arab world’s powerful actors. Irrespective of their economic and other numerous interests, The Supreme Council expressed its unconditional backing for the freedom and sovereignty of the Palestinian people overall occupied Palestinian territories since June 1967 by Israel that also covertly Undermined the fresh Israel plans, the founding of an autonomous Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital, and the assurance of the rights of immigrants, in aligned with the Arab Peace Initiative, international references and international legitimacy decisions.

All the GCC Participants stated its denunciation of any slant to annexe settlements in the West Bank to Israel, a clear violation of the United Nations Charter, international law and UN resolutions, including the Security Council’s Resolution No. 2334 for 2016, the international justice tribunal consultative opinion in 2004 and Geneva 4th agreement in 1949.

The Palestinian cause is central to the GCC, underscoring the necessity to initiate the international community’s efforts for the crisis mitigation and resolution of the conflict based on the principle rights of Palestine. In the account of Israeli illicit occupying authority in East Jerusalem pushed on international community and stakeholders were asked to intervene and stop the targeting of the Palestinians and the forced displacement of citizens from the city of Jerusalem.

The summit also reviewed other conflicts of the region, in particular the Iraq quagmire that still finding it hard to retrace its feed for peace and security. In this regard, The Supreme Council assured its steadfast positions and decisions concerning the Iraq issue, emphasizing the importance of preserving the integrity and unity of its territory, sovereignty, Arab identity, social fabric, and national unity. It emphasized its support to Iraq in confronting “terrorist” groups and armed militias, promoting the sovereignty of the state, and enforcing the law.

Vis-à-vis Syrian crisis the GCC summit highlighted its collective stance in accordance with the First Geneva Convention, and Security Council Resolution No. 2254, which gives for the formation of a transitional governing body to manage the affairs of the country, draft a new constitution for Syria, and prepare for elections towards achieving a new future for the country that fulfills the aspirations of the fellow Syrian people.

To conclude, the GCC summit 2021 proven fruitful in order to ensure peace, security, and cooperation between the states. The joint actions of the key actors will promote stability by harnessing the provosts of collective engagement and positive-sum gains.

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