We are human beings; we live on land so why should we care about the ocean? Because the ocean is an important part of the ecosystem we live in, it provides various benefits to Earth including the air we breathe, the food we consume, it regulates the climate and also contributes to transportation, recreation, medicine, and other economic benefits. Ocean conservation is also known as marine conservation. The strength of all life on Earth depends (straightforwardly or in a roundabout way) on a healthy ocean. As people understood their expanding impacts on the sea, the field of marine protection emerged accordingly.
The ocean’s health has been deteriorating at a faster pace as compared to previous predictions by scientists. According to the latest review by the International Programme on the State of the Ocean, the Earth’s nations have been warned that the oceans across the globe are facing multiple threats; they’re being cheated by the surprisingly challenging climate change, the oceans have turned comparatively less alkaline by absorbing increasing amounts of CO2 from the air and have also been suffering from other human problems such as overfishing and pollution. The anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have caused a rise in global surface temperature by over 1˚C since pre-industrial times. Conditions such as rising temperature cause the coral reefs in the ocean to start bleaching, turning the corals while and eventually, the corals end up dying. Coral reefs harbor the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem globally and directly support over 500 million people worldwide, mostly in poor countries.
According to UNESCO, the coral reefs in all 29 reef-containing World Heritage sites would cease to exist by the end of this century if we continue to emit greenhouse gases under a business-as-usual scenario. To overcome this very challenge of ocean conservation the world’s nations must agree upon Limiting global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels in line with the Paris Agreement provides the only chance for the survival of coral reefs globally.