Russia Ukraine crises

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Following the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Ukraine moved to shed its Russian imperial legacy and forge increasingly close ties with the West. Over the past 30 years, Ukraine has been led by seven presidents. The country has had a rocky path towards democracy with two revolutions, first in 2005 and then in 2014. Both times, protesters prohibited Russia’s authority and wanted a trail to join the European Union and NATO. By contrast, Russia has been led by three presidents with Vladimir Putin has been in office for 17 years. In 2021, the former agent of the Soviet Union’s KGB security services signed a law that fundamentally permits Putin to stay in power until 2036. Putin has frequently demanded that Russians and Ukrainians belong to “one people”, and are part of the ancient “Russian civilization” that also includes neighboring Belarus. The current condition comes after eight years of war in Ukraine, and with, apart from Vladimir Putin, a new set of leaders on all sides. Since war broke out in 2014, the two separatist territories in Donbas which are not legitimately recognized by any national government, including Russia’s have become more entirely incorporated into Russian control. Ukraine has long played an imperative, yet occasionally unnoticed, role in the global security order. Today, the country is on the front lines of a transformed great-power rivalry that many analysts say will rule international relations in the decades ahead. Russia rejects any plan of invasion, but it has detained Ukrainian territory before and it has an estimated 100,000 troops deployed near its borders. Ukraine shares borders with both the EU and Russia, but as a former Soviet republic it has deep social and cultural ties with Russia, and Russian is broadly spoken there. Since tensions began, NATO allies, fearful of a potential ground invasion by Russia, have stepped up support for Kyiv by sending additional troops and military equipment to Ukraine.

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