Role of Pakistan in Peace Building and Conflict Prevention

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The need for peace in the world is greater than it has been for a long time. The number of conflicts in recent years has increased. Violence in countries such as Syria, Yemen and Afghanistan has turned back decades of economic, social and political development. Climate change, with the accompanying droughts, flooding or lack of freshwater, is accelerating and aggravating the challenges that already exist in fragile states. War always results in enormous human suffering and crimes against human rights. Armed conflicts result in downward spirals that are difficult to turn around. To have a serious chance of dealing with the root causes of poverty and conflict, the capacity to contribute to sustainable peace needs to be strengthened. For the Government, this is a priority area encompassing several different interacting measures:

The Government of Pakistan need to set up a new support function at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs with the task of strengthening cooperation between diplomacy and development cooperation in a number of priority conflict areas. This initiative can include a handful of specially recruited diplomats who will contribute new knowledge to the embassies’ ongoing peace support efforts on the ground. The aim is to strengthen the capacity to pursue political change and to take initiatives for dialogue and negotiation. This is about creating a deeper understanding of complex conflicts, identifying paths towards solutions, bringing together parties and promoting dialogue as a tool. Peace building is a long-term process that should permeate and include the whole of society. Government can provides support to conflict resolution at local level through initiatives by local organizations that understand the conditions on the ground and can help, for example, to resolve conflicts over access to water, land ownership issues and inter-provincial disputes through mutual dialogue. At national level, we can provide extensive support to promote institutional development, strengthen of the rule of law and improve public services. Pakistan also supports national initiatives for peace building, reconciliation, transitional justice and mediation. Measures may involve disarming and reintegrating former combatants or reforming the security sector to increase civilian insight and control. Another area is stabilization, where development initiatives can supplement military operations and contribute to increased stability in the area affected by armed conflict.

Pakistan is also working actively to strengthen conflict prevention and peace building at regional level, for example by analyzing regional conflict trends and addressing them as early as possible. It is very important that issues such as small arms and light weapons, migration, access to water and other natural resources, and crisis prevention are dealt with at regional level. Pakistan has played a significant role to eliminate extremism and terrorism and has sacrificed more than seventy thousand lives in the war on terror. Pakistan is also playing a vital role in Afghanistan Peace process to establish long lasting prosperity and peace in the region.

The present world conditions, in terms of the termination of the Cold War and with the increasing number of local wars and peacekeeping efforts, indicate that the status quo conditions are inadequate. There have been increasing efforts from practical and theoretical viewpoints to attack various portions of the problem under such titles as international stability, conflict resolution, and systems engineering. This is now an appropriate time, to focus the attention of persons skilled in various disciplines related to the peace system. It has been observed that there is much talk about world peace, but there are few governmental organizations or well-funded non-govemmental organizations (NGOs) which are directed to establish such functions as developing goals, operating procedures, performance measures, etc., for maintaining peace. It is desirable, indeed essential, for the world to have less conflict and more and improved conflict resolution means available. I have been working on this issue and my new research based Book is under publication process.

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