Republic Day of Azerbaijan


Every year Azerbaijan celebrates “The Republic Day”, on 28th May. The Republic Day is the national holiday of Azerbaijan that is also known as ‘Azerbaijan national identity restoration day’. On May 28, 1918, the first democratic parliamentary republic in the Muslim World the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR) was declared. According to the form of its governance, the ADR was built on the classical model of a parliamentary republic on the basis of political pluralism and multi-party system. Guided by the principles of people power and equality from the very first days of its existence, the ADR eliminated racial, ethnic, religious and class inequalities by granting all citizens of the country the equal rights. Women were granted the right to vote in 1918, for the first time in the East and long before some of Western democracies. Throughout its existence from 1918 to 1920, the Republic of Azerbaijan had diplomatic relations with a number of states. This unexperienced nation was short-lived as Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union less than two years later when 11th Red Army invaded Azerbaijan and put an end to its independence. In 1991 Azerbaijanis declared their independence again. But the anarchy, chaos and powerlessness in the country and the Armenian military aggression against Azerbaijan were a huge threat for the independence. In 1993 National Leader Heydar Aliyev came to power for the second time in Azerbaijan at nation’s insistence and the country entered to the new stage of its independence developing rapidly in a short time to became a leader nation in the Caucasus later on. Nowadays, Azerbaijan is a country that pursues policy of establishing mutually beneficial cooperation with all states, including the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and builds its ties based on the principles of international law. Over the past few years, relations between the two countries have developed in the diverse fields, and both states pledged to further enhance these bilateral ties.

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