The leaders of the Quad nations Australia, India, Japan, and the United States have met on May 24, 2022 in Tokyo for the fourth time and the second time in person. President Biden, Prime Minister Anthony Albanese of Australia, Prime Minister Modi of India, and Prime Minister Kishida of Japan advance the Quad’s ambitious and diverse agenda, including through a major new initiative to improve maritime domain awareness across the Indo-Pacific. The meeting of the informal alliance, which was set up to respond to China’s economic and military might, also discussed climate change, technology and COVID-19, as well as the fallout from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine an issue that has risked division among the group. India, which has close ties with Russia, is the only member that is yet to condemn Moscow’s war. Meanwhile, without naming China the leaders said, “strongly oppose any coercive, provocative or unilateral actions that seek to change the status quo” in the Indo-Pacific. Quad has announced a new maritime surveillance initiative the Indo-Pacific Partnership for Maritime Domain Awareness (IPMDA) that it said will work with regional partners to respond to humanitarian and natural disasters and combat illegal fishing. “IPMDA will support and work in consultation with Indo-Pacific nations and regional information fusion centers in the Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands by providing technology and training to support enhanced, shared maritime domain awareness to promote stability and prosperity in our seas and oceans. Apart from talking about the maritime security, mechanism to counter China, Quad discussed the economic condition of the region specifically the Sri Lanka’s economic crisis. The Quad should support economic programs, including from IMF, that seek to protect the most vulnerable from the worst effects of the economic crisis, while promoting political reforms to better protect fundamental rights and seek justice for past abuses. Quad leaders should also recognize that their credibility to speak on human rights abuses also requires addressing the many deficiencies in their own records.