Poverty, as we know, extends to numerous dimensions such as no education leading to literacy rate at peak, no hospitals, and clinic which means no health care services and high infant and maternal mortality rate. There is child labor, weak sanitation which leads to the spread of diseases. Poverty interlinks with every misfortune.
Whatever work the poor people indulge in – no matter how tough and – they never attain sufficient salaries and incomes. Human development is falling behind of income poverty. There is no sheer concentration on the increment of schools, wells, clinics and gender equality.
Apart from that, enormous differences have been shown by the living standards of the elite and the lower class taking abode in the same society or city with respect to health and education.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) need to maintain this difference and is in a constant state of battle for it. Economic goals are, of course, the requisite for reaching MDGs. Reaching such goals necessitate monumental external resources and some fruitful use of the internal uses as well.
On the other hand, the government fails every time by not providing efficient means of livelihood for the poor of the society. They spend insufficiently on the poor bearing in mind that it would be disadvantageous for them, whether they are brought up the way elites are needed or that they inherit with the same downgraded behavior.
Many issues have arrived in various countries as a result of this very reason. Alternative programs have been founded and applied for a tad bit of assistance. In Cambodia, for health care services, programs have been initiated, giving primary health care in some districts. About 12 districts have been covered by them. In Columbia, they urge and concentrate on the provision of clean water and sanitation since most diseases tend to exist from thereon. Infrastructures are taking place in South Africa whereas Romania is being recentralized. Education programs in El Salvador is helping and aiming at the providence of reliable teachers in terms for the better performance of students. Programs in Mexico tend to reach families and provide them with cash for both health and education services. Many other countries are following the same footsteps for some advancement, i.e., initializing such projects.
The framework of relationships has been explained between a trinity of Poor People, the Policy Makers, and the providers.
There is an extensive relation from the Poor People to the Providers; for example, patient to doctors, students to teachers, and consumer of water to the water companies.
In some scenarios, the providers are held accountable for the providence of the poor; keeping in mind that the provider is only responsible for direct providence for like buying and selling, but not for indirect providence such as water sanitation, shelter, education, etc. This type of providence gives the relationship of the poor people with the policymakers. They are withheld accountable.
Policymakers are dependent on providers, nevertheless, for deliverance to the poor people.
The chain of these three needs to make a strong bond with the aid providers and the donors as well for strengthening accountability. There are donors that also devitalize the relationship between policymakers and the providers when they choose to work solely with the latter, while other donors also make use of foreign aid to fortify the chain. One bypath is to fuse or blend the donor assistance in the budget of the recipients making the providers all the more accountable to the recipient country rather than to the donor. No specific solution or answer is given on this predicament.
However, in order to provide some guidance for understanding the overall scenario; the answers to which many be reliably sufficient and satisfying:
The first one answers about conveyance and convenience for the majority public referring to them as clients giving them services like education (loans/grants). They may also take a start at alleviating the rents so that poor people have some ease at it. This part includes the subsidies and incentives to the clients. For the second part, it depends on the desires of the public and indeed, every individual has divergent desires and preferences. Homogeneity can be considered for students who are disabled and require special care and thereof special need and help in education. The last question answers the type of services that a society supplies for and of course, their volume for monitoring – also depending on the character who is getting it monitored. For example, parents are vigilant of their children’s learning and behavior is school.
Scaling up for this cause, information is of vital importance, also in order to indicate progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Evaluation gives justification to the public. Governments have taken many measures for service delivery, from which some of them are of use while some don’t function as it should. Unless critical evaluations are made, it cannot be completely known of their yielding. MDGs must be reached and the progress does not seem to cease as by the global community. Time is of essence and must not be wasted.
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