The 23rd March is celebrated as Pakistan Day throughout the country with great passion to recall the accomplishments and untiring efforts of our forefathers and leaders for passing the Pakistan Resolution on 23rd March 1940 because of which today we are living in an independent and sovereign country. Pakistan Resolution, passed on March 23, 1940, was the formal adoption of the idea of a separate Muslim homeland by All-India Muslim League. It laid the foundation of a tremendous political struggle for Pakistan under the leadership of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Therefore, it holds central importance for the creation of Pakistan as a new and independent Muslim state in South Asia.
The Lahore Resolution, also called Pakistan resolution or declaration of independence of Pakistan, was written and prepared by Muhammad Zafarullah Khan and was presented by A. K. Fazlul Huq. Pakistan Resolution is a brief but comprehensive declaration consisting of five paragraphs. The first two paragraphs explains the context, the third paragraph proposes the creation of independent states in Muslim majority areas of Indian sub-continent. The fourth paragraph talks about constitutional safeguards to protect the minorities in these areas and also to protect the Muslims where they are in minority in other parts of the sub-continent. The fifth paragraph gives task to working committee to work on a scheme of constitution for all the proposed states.
This resolution became foundation for the creation of Pakistan. The selfless leadership, their untiring efforts and the unmatched sacrifices of the Muslims of Indian sub-continent turned the dream of Pakistan into reality. The history of over seventy years has validated the Quaid’s vision and further strengthened his words. When you see today’s India, you come to know that how true these words by Muhammad Ali Jinnah seem to be even in today’s world: “It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different social orders. It is a dream that the Hindu and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality; and this misconception of one Indian nation has gone far beyond the limits, and is the cause of most of our troubles, and will lead India to destruction, if we fail to revise our notions in time.”
There are lessons for us, as a nation, to learn from the Pakistan Resolution. For instance, unfortunately, we did not carry the legacy of our great leaders and did not follow the vision of Quaid-i-Azam. They did not have an independent state, they were facing oppression of the Hindus and they were under the rule of the Great Britain but they fought selflessly and fearlessly for the future generations of the Muslims of Indian sub-continent. Today, we have an independent state which is an only nuclear power in the Muslim world. Pakistan has always achieved what is impossible. But, still when we, as a nation, compare our achievements with our great forefathers, their achievements overshadow ours.
Every year, March 23 serves as a reminder that we need to build on the work of our forefathers — something for which we have failed. But all is not lost, most importantly because we are an independent nation and we can take control of our future. It will need a lot of determination, effort and sacrifices — things that our forefathers have already shown us how to do. We need to repeat the history, put the ethnic and sectarian differences aside and get united, to work for peaceful and prosperous Pakistan.