Pakistan calls for prudent int’l engagement to achieve peace, stability of Afghanistan

Int’l leaders should fulfill their commitments to tackle climate change: Pakistan

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ISLAMABAD: Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Hina Rabbani Khar on Monday emphasized that persistent, patient, and prudent engagement of the international community would go a long way in achieving the shared objectives of a peaceful, stable, democratic and prosperous Afghanistan.

The Minister of State expressed these views as she participated in an event on “Afghanistan: The Path Forward” at the World Economic Forum (WEF) Annual Meeting in Davos.

She highlighted that as an immediate neighbor, with a 2600 km border, Pakistan has to deal with Afghanistan with a broader lens that encompasses all dimensions – peace, security, and socio-economic development, a press release issued here by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said.

The Minister of State said as a country that has constitutional provisions for women to have an equal and effective role in all institutions and walks of life, Pakistan looks towards full respect for and enjoyment of fundamental rights of women and girls, especially the right to education.

“Pakistan is equally concerned about the devastating effects of the serious humanitarian situation and economic implosion on the lives and livelihoods of ordinary Afghans,” she added. The Minister of State underlined that both the international community and the interim Afghan government need to revisit their approaches by prioritizing the interests and aspirations of the ordinary Afghans. This would be essential to avoid a further exacerbation of the already dire economic situation, she maintained. Achim Steiner, Administrator, UN Development Programme (UNDP) also delivered remarks at the event as a panelist. The attendees included representatives from the business community, civil society organizations and international media.

Meanwhile, Federal Minister for Climate Change Senator Sherry Rehman spoke to “The Future of Democracy” discussion at the annual meeting of global leaders at the World Economic Forum 2022 in Davos. The discourse focused on the need for democratic values to safeguard the rights of the most vulnerable. In addition it explained how democracies are equipped for meeting challenges from authoritarian leaders, especially for complex societies. Other speakers included Egils Levits, President of Latvia, Senator Christopher A. Coons from Delaware, USA, Daniel Kurtz, Editor-in-Chief Foreign Affairs & Timothy Snyder, Professor of History at the Yale University. While raising the issue of gross inequality between the developed and underdeveloped world, Minister Sherry stressed, “There is little recognition of the persistently growing inequality throughout the world. There is a dangerous chasm between the Global South and the West. The response of the developed world to the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine, for instance was timely and clear. Compare that to the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan or after the invasion of Iraq or otherised “browner” cultures, and these have been somewhat alienating, given that we worked from assumptions of liberal democracy that say a response to any humanitarian crisis should be the same, equal for everyone. Unfortunately, that has never been the case, depending on who the victim is or what is the colour of their skin.” On the importance of democracy for countries like Pakistan, Federal Minister opined, “Authoritarian systems might appear like they are addressing issues but for complex, heterogeneous countries like Pakistan where many different ethnicities and languages compete with each other, the only way the vulnerable get protected is through a more inclusive approach. Democracies ultimately challenge the system to include the vulnerable, whereas authoritarian governments mobilise populism and sentiment for channelling power, but provide no answers to real problems. The developed world has often found authoritarian governments in fragile countries convenient funnels for diplomatic and other interchanges. These are inconvenient truths. Democracies are like women in the world; two step back and one forward, but they are the only way forward for the disempowered .“ She said democracy cannot be reduced to one linear experience or model in history. “Democracies are inherently not linear in their experience, and countries experience democracy quite differently from each other. No one-size-fits-all theory works in this context. Therefore, it is high time that we move away from this notion that there is one set pattern for democracy or that all parliaments work in the same fashion. The idea should be to have tolerance for the models we all navigate or manage as long as they are in the struggle to be representative and inclusive.” In the context of pressing global agendas that need to be addressed with equity and justice, she talked of the global climate change issue as a joint but proportionate responsibility for the big emitters of the previous and current century. “We are sitting in the antechamber of climate catastrophe. It is highly unfortunate that our leaders’ vested interests have overshadowed the real changes needed in the world. Transitions from fossil fuels are the need of the hour but the developed world is still the highest emitter of greenhouse gases, putting their short term national stakes and corporate interests above the safety and survival of our world. Instead of pressing the countries most at risk, the big emitters should act responsibly and do more. Perhaps then all of us will be better motivated to act faster to build a more sustainable and resilient future. At the same time, no democracy, even a climate-vulnerable one like Pakistan can afford to sit back and not act for their own community. The costs of inaction are too high. “

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