Pakistan and Nepal Relations

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Nepal officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked state in South Asia. It is mainly situated in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, bordering Tibet of China to the north, and India in the south, east, and west, while it is narrowly separated from Bangladesh by the Siliguri Corridor, and from Bhutan by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal and Pakistan shared long historical linkages as both Himalayan states located in the Indian subcontinent. Nepal and Pakistan developed diplomatic relations in March 1960. The bilateral relations were then fully established between 1962 and 1963, erstwhile East Pakistan (Bangladesh) was surrounded by Indian Territory from three sides, and also shared a small part of its boundary with Nepal and hence good relations with Nepal were crucial for Pakistan. Both nations have since sought to expand their bilateral trade, strategic and military cooperation. The political developments in Nepal as its internal matter and express confidence that Nepal would effectively overcome transient difficulties. For its part, Nepal has considered Pakistan as an important player in the region vis-à-vis India. However, given the extent of Indian influence and India’s penetration in the country, its desire to come closer to Pakistan is restricted. Lack of geographical proximity and India-locked status makes things further difficult for the two countries. No wonder, our relations lack the desired substance that could have been translated into meaningful leverage and influence in Nepal. In recent years, both countries began developing military cooperation, with Nepal importing arms from Pakistan. Condemned and isolated from India, Great Britain and the United States between 2004 and 2006 for repressing democracy, the Nepalese monarchy developed military cooperation with China and Pakistan, who offered extensive military support, arms and military equipment to Nepal for the monarchy to stay in power and fight the Maoist insurgency. This is the era of economic integration and digitalization, both states are developing strong ties in the economic field and joint trade relations.

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