Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) is a type of intelligence that actually benefits from that open nature by collecting, processing and correlating points of the whole cyberspace to generate knowledge. The term “open source” refers specifically to information that is available for public consumption. If any specialist skills, tools, or techniques are required to access a piece of information, it can’t reasonably be considered open source. The term “white intelligence” or “open source of information” is being used frequently in recent literature. The formulation of the term “white intelligence” is a Polish concept, and it mostly uses the American acronym OSINT, which is literally translated as “open source”. Open-source information constitutes the raw material for OSINT, and it is not that simple that anyone can get OSINT in general public domain.
Intelligence is an important factor in national and foreign policymaking, countering internal and external threats against national security and also to the economy. Collection of information has become cheaper in the recent era of technological advancement. A satellite image costing dollars is available for free now on the internet. This openness in the world occurred due to revolutionary advancements in technological fields, and this informs us more quickly and adequately about happenings in other parts of the world. As Stewart Brand, a pioneer of online communities, put it: “Information wants to be free, because the cost of getting it out is getting lower and lower all the time.”
The basic function of the state is to ensure security for it and its citizens. In this era of the 5th generation, hybrid warfare information can be used as a weapon of war. Intelligence gathering is part of the structure of security organs to perform their strategic goals. In a globalized world, states can take defensive action using Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT).
States and governmental organizations prefer to take OSINT from NGOs with expertise on certain levels like humanitarian, human rights, and conflict resolution. There are other sources like NATO and United Nations. In the case of NATO, it has its own OSINT and internal resources and OSINT is defined as “OSINT is information that has been deliberately discovered, discriminated, distilled, and disseminated to a select audience, generally the commander and their immediate staff, in order to address a specific question. OSINT, in other words, applies the proven process of intelligence to the broad diversity of open sources of information and creates intelligence”.
For lone-wolf attackers, organized hacking groups, and nation-state actors, it is financially and politically lucrative to breach governmental data by using sophisticated technologies as a tool for hacking. Two common use cases for OSINT are; Measuring the risk to your own organization and Understanding the actor, tactics and targets
Governments counter with a range of techniques targeting their data, infrastructure, and citizens, whether or not nation-state resources back the threat actors. Persistent online threats include breaches and cyber espionage, networks attack and takedowns, and botnets have increased in the cyber security realm. The fast-expanding cyberspace is taking over increasing portions.
Businesses utilize OSINT to study new markets, watch the activity of competing firms, plan advertising strategies and analyze anything that might damage their operations and potentially affect their future growth. Businesses also utilize OSINT intelligence for non-financial goals; most notably to combat data leakage, because realizing that the company is disclosing classified data and finding network security flaws before the cybercriminals do is significant.
Businesses also use OSINT to develop threat intelligence strategies by analyzing OSINT sources inside and outside the organization and then combining all the data to create an effective cyber-risk management policy that protects their financial interests, public image, and clientele. Ethical hackers and penetration testers use OSINT frequently to obtain intelligence about a particular online target. It is also regarded as a valuable tool to help with the testing of social engineering attacks.
People who wish to find out how others can hack into their computers and what their internet service provider knows about them also use OSINT. They may want to learn internet exposure levels to fix threats and remove any private data that may have been accidentally released. OSINT is an excellent tool to protect your privacy and analyze your digital identity. Individuals may utilize OSINT to combat identity fraud as well.
In the Russia-Ukraine conflict, (OSINT), which extracts information from publicly available sources, is becoming a valuable resource. OSINT is being widely utilized to comprehend on-the-ground activity and fact-check narratives from media and the internet, just one week after Russia started a full-scale assault in Ukraine. It is highly useful to examine the situation on the ground and the number of casualties, keep an eye on military infrastructure, and dispute false information. This has a number of good outcomes for pro-Ukraine movements. It may assist governments in making better informed and fast choices in reaction to the war, as well as assist Ukraine in identifying and countering Russian information efforts, which are critical to the conflict. Negligent OSINT tactics, on the other hand, may have a severe effect on Ukraine’s resistance. Open-source data indicating military and refugee movements in Ukraine might be used by Russian forces. Counter-misinformation methods may potentially encourage Russia to tighten its internet restrictions and reinforce its information operations.
In this article we have covered the basic idea of OSINT and how it’s useful and OSINT tools to help you with virtually any kind of information gathering. And we have also given you a sense of a few individual tools. Whether you’re defending an enterprise network or testing it for weaknesses, the more you understand about its digital footprint the better able you are to see it from an attacker’s point of view. Armed with that knowledge, you can then go on to develop better defensive strategies. OSINT is the right choice to protect businesses, organizations and governments against sensitive information leaks and cyber-attacks and other dangers effectively and ethically. Information gathering regarding current events and phenomena requires a functional organization that includes a specific structure.