Nuclear Proliferation

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It has been over 73 years since the launch of a nuclear bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were a huge number of individuals passed away and got injured. Uncovering the horrendous damaging intensity of atomic weapons in Japan was adequately not to persuade mankind to dispose of these risky weapons. However, on the contrary, their extraordinary destructive power increased the attractiveness of nuclear weapons for many states and administrators. In the next years, the Soviet Union, Britain, franc, and the people’s republic of china followed the US and began proliferating nuclear weapons. In the accompanying periods, Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea also joined the nuclear club together with their atomic bombs.

States occupying destructive nuclear weapons has generated a huge debate in the international arena. According to a defensive neorealist Kenneth Waltz, the primary purpose of states is not to gain strength but to preserve their existence in an anarchical international system. He emphasizes the fact that the international framework rewards states that would prefer not to dominate other states, but rather secure the status quo. Each state can maintain its status quo in the system with a status quo-ist approach and toward the finish of this process; it can guarantee its security as a result of the overall influence in the worldwide framework.

The arms race between nuclear states has been drastically increasing. According to the shreds of evidence provided by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, it is now obvious that the military expenditures have increased for both the antagonistic pairs, India and Pakistan which also means that both the South Asian nations have an incentive to expand their nuclear material production capabilities in the coming years. An optimistic approach concerning the arms race appears to be lacking not just in the light of the fact that atomic states keep on spending huge amounts of money on conventional arms industry but also because decisions emerging from domestic politics are also primary drivers of unnecessary military expenditure.

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