NSP has taken a broad view of national security issues impacted country’s security: NSA

One of the key focus areas for policymakers must therefore be to bridge the gap between the ambition and reality of attaining comprehensive national security in the shortest possible time period.


ISLAMABAD, The National Security Policy 2022-2026 is the fruition of a devoted ambition towards servicing Pakistan with a guiding national security vision. Years of dedicated work and numerous consultations have resulted in the formulation of a document we hope the people of Pakistan will take pride in. This achievement would not have been possible without the support of multiple individuals and offices. At the outset, we are thankful to the Prime Minister for his constant leadership. His guidance and vision were crucial for steering the policy process. We would also like to thank Federal Ministers, Chief Ministers, and governments of Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir for their constant support, as well as all other civilian and military stakeholders for providing valuable input throughout the process. Their participation and productive engagement helped coalesce varied views on national security. We would also like to thank our in-house experts of the Strategic Policy Planning Cell (SPPC) at the National Security Division (NSD), who spearheaded the process of collating input from all stakeholders and drafting a final cohesive policy document. The SPPC team also undertook tireless efforts in engaging independent experts across Pakistan in multiple rounds of consultations. In particular, we would like to thank and congratulate Syed Hassan Akbar, Senior Policy Specialist on Traditional Security, for taking the lead in the policy drafting process. The officers of the NSD deserve our utmost gratitude for steering numerous inter-ministerial consultations and providing administrative support to this entire effort. Yet, these acknowledgements will be incomplete without recognising the efforts of the former leader of the NSD, particularly the former National Security Advisers and Secretaries. It is also important to acknowledge the contribution and input of NSD’s Advisory Board, academic institutions, particularly the National Defence University, think tank experts, independent analysts, ulema, university students, and the broader civil society from across Pakistan. Throughout the formulation process, the NSD reached out to these essential stakeholders to make the policy document inclusive. Finally, the National Security Policy is dedicated to its prime audience: the citizens of Pakistan. The Policy links the security of Pakistan with the economic and social well-being of its people. The spirit, passion, and resilience of the people of Pakistan have been decisive in facing national challenges. The National Security Policy seeks to strengthen this spirit. Pakistan’s approach to national security is broad, proactive, and resolute and aims to ensure the security of our most vulnerable citizens. Rather than being set in an archaic gun versus butter debate, our national security thinking seeks to identify means of expanding economic resources such that Pakistan can simultaneously strengthen its traditional and non-traditional security. The most prudent approach is to keep economic security at the core, and judiciously transfer the dividends of a strong economy to further strengthen our defence and human security. This is the vision that the National Security Policy strives to pursue. Cognizant of Pakistan’s complex security requirements, the National Security Policy adopts a directional tone, providing strategic guidance on priority areas for policy action while identifying opportunities for and challenges to our national security in the medium and long term. The Policy conveys a clear and bold vision, emphasising a geo-economic paradigm that supplements our geostrategic approach, laying down a broad roadmap on how to actualise the chosen path. Like all such guiding documents, the National Security Policy is aspirational in some respects. One of the key focus areas for policymakers must therefore be to bridge the gap between the ambition and reality of attaining comprehensive national security in the shortest possible time period. Ensuring this will be an important benchmark of the success of the Policy. As drafters of the first National Security Policy, my team and I wish to thank the Prime Minister and the broader civil and military leadership for their constant support to the effort. Besides the National Security Division, current and former officials from many other parts of the government worked diligently to mature the National Security Policy document over the years. I wish to recognise each one of them for their contribution.

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