Mitigating Climate Change

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Climate change has been declared as a global and challenge for the world in the 21st century as it has a global impact regardless of the location or boundaries. Though Pakistan is not a major contributor to climate change but it’s among the countries which are most vulnerable towards climate change. Climate change affects the world in many ways especially it has a detrimental impact on the oceans, weather, food sources and health. Last year, an increase in the ice sheets melting was recorded higher in Antarctica, Artic circle and Greenland. On top of this, Amazon and Australian bushfires scorched the land and pushed the biodiversity at the brink of extinction. In addition, the weather is also becoming more extreme which causes intense floods, heavy snowfalls, major storms and more importantly the long and frequent droughts. Pakistan, although among the least contributor of the carbon emission and pollutants in the global climate change, ranked as the fifth most affected country. The country suffered from the floods, irregular rainfalls, dying mangroves, glacier melting, water scarcity and myriad other problems during the past decade due to the worsening climate conditions. This increase the challenges of the developing country, such as food security, public health issues, water security and rise in sea levels etc. The rise of sea level causes sea intrusion, which will affect agricultural land. In fact, it has already made the 2.2 million acres of land useless for agriculture in Pakistan and will make Sindh region like Badin and Thatha unlivable till the year 2050. Urban centres are the most affected ones and a glaring example of this is Lahore, where along with smog leading to health issues, hazardous weather conditions resulted in the death of approx. 1250 people annually. The government launched nation-wide campaigns of Clean Green Pakistan plastic bags free cities and Billion Tsunami tree plantation and now the premier has undertaken that until 2030, 60% of country’s vehicles will be electric and the country is transitioning to renewable energy. However, for a greater change, the individuals have to play their role, such as smart usage of energy, changing their consumer behaviours, and starting a conversation at the communal level. Together we can surmount this global challenge

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