Middle East policy dynamics


Emboldened by the religious ideological assimilations, Pakistan’s Middle East policy is based on the historical their nexus, region’s power dynamics, underpinned by sectarian and economic configurations, and its own strengths and weaknesses. Islamabad aspires to build cordial ties with majority of Middle Eastern state based on the principles of peaceful coexistence, positive sum gains, respecting sovereignty, integrity and non-interventionist policy in domestic affairs of all the countries. Adding further, inclusive, sustainable multilateral, engagement in the sphere of defense, security, economy, religion and social affairs with all the key actors is another key component of Pakistan’s foreign policy agenda. It also tend to seek Preferential diplomatic treatment to the powerhouses of Middle East in particular KSA, UAE whilst cautious approach towards Iran due to geographic proximities, and national security exigencies. Notwithstanding the ongoing conflicts, Playing proactive role in conflict mediation, continuation of peace keeping efforts to end the hostile configurations (fall outs of Arab Spring- Yamen, Syrian crisis) of asymmetric warfare and inter-state conflicts in the Middle East at large. Economic diplomacy remained a main pillar of foreign policy towards Middle East to attract foreign direct investment and promote trade, promotion of CPEC. Pakistan also vows Persistent engagement with all the Middle Eastern Muslim states through OIC forum. In the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, enduring support to Palestine narrative and staunch advocacy of Palestine rights of freedom at all the global forums. Notably, safeguarding the interests of Pakistani Diaspora and opting Policy of neutrality towards Shia-Sunni Blocs of Middle East. Pakistan always aspires to deepen the prospects of Track II diplomacy, P2P linkages. Lastly, attainment of favorable assistance from the Middle Eastern states over its narrative on Kashmir at state level and regional forums of Arab world is key imperative of its diplomatic goals.

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