Liberal Education: A real need of Developing States


Education is the most important factor behind the progress man has achieved in this world. It has been the permanent character of human history and the evolution of thought. However, in the past, it used to be the prerogative of only a few privileged men and the pace of development was quite slow. As it has been distributed to the general public, there has been a rapid increase in all fields of development: science, technology, sociology, politics, humanities, etc. It is now considered a fundamental human right for everyone. Although it covers a wide range of knowledge, it has been adopted by man according to his needs. It has been used mainly as a tool for economic development, which has reduced its use. As a result, people are deprived of any potential education to promote human dignity and social stability. The turmoil in the modern world is also due in part to this error. Therefore, to meet the multi-dimensional challenges that one faces in the world, it is important to provide real education i.e. liberal education. The liberal education has been defined in many ways, though emphasizing the similar essential elements. The best definition is offered by the “Association of American Colleges and Universities”. “Liberal education means to empower an individual and prepare him to deal with diversity, complexity and change”. As manifest from the definition, the purpose of education is to enable man to surpass the challenges faced in the world, to know and obtain his rights and to accommodate himself in the constantly changing environment in the present-day competitive world.

The importance of liberal education in this modern world is greater than ever before. The world is so well-organized that all economic and social activities require modern and advanced means of communication and technology. The transformation of technology development is moving at a tremendous pace. There is a need for co-operative and liaison staff to run this complex program. Moreover, despite their interdependence, the diversity in different areas is very different. Therefore, the man needs to be prepared enough to move forward. And a tool that can enable him to meet these challenges is nothing but Liberal education. That is why the famous scholar “Skarnovey” says: “Liberal education: developing countries should embrace it as it is needed”. However, it is important for all nations but developed countries are at the forefront of the sector. Developing countries, lagging far behind, must make every effort to transform their education system to meet the needs of the world. Not only does it contribute to economic development but it also meets the needs of society in all spheres of life. The field of free education is wide enough to call real education. Basically, education is intended to develop a complete human personality. It is necessary to teach a person to learn social behavior, cultural norms, religious obligations, methods and practices of a stable society and professional competing skills. Liberal education, by and large, fulfills all these basic needs. It emphasizes the development of a citizen who can live in a civilized way – a way that not only benefits him but also benefits other members of his family, community and community. Thus, the objectives of liberal education are many, which address the needs of society to a large extent. Unfortunately, in Pakistan, liberal education is not taken seriously. The education system in our country is out of date. It has no modern teaching method and the curriculum is probably from the grassroots to the university. The shortcomings of our education system are the main causes of conflict, unemployment, poverty and social instability in our society. In order to overcome these shortcomings, we must embrace a liberal education system without delay. However, this requires a well-thought-out and comprehensive policy to improve the existing education system. In particular, we need to redesign our curriculum at all levels. All major subjects/subjects of a liberal education: social sciences, citizenship, history, philosophy, languages, computer and science must be presented in all levels of education from the grassroots to university in accordance with the strengths of the students and the needs of society. Second, all institutions should have computer and science laboratories and libraries. Research and critical thinking should be encouraged by modern educational strategies. In this regard, the accessibility and equity of all sections of our civil society must be ensured to achieve equal development. Last but not the least, intelligence should be strengthened by providing skilled and experienced teachers. Existing teachers need to be trained to equip them with modern teaching methods. New and young blood should be encouraged to join the education sector as a career by developing financial incentives in the education sector. It is very clear in the discussions that liberal education, which is real education, is an important part of good governance and a stable society. It not only helps a person achieve goals more efficiently but also gives impetus to economic, political and social stability in the country. In short, it lays the foundation for human development in this complex world of diversity and challenges. It provides the path to better change.

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