Indo-Pak Rapprochement of Bilateral Relations

The UN, US, and other global actors have welcomed the decision and urge two nuclear powers to persist and adhere to the ceasefire agreement for broader interests of the regional peace and security that has been finding hard to trace its feet on the ground due to dauntless traditional and non-traditional security challenges

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Amidst celebrations of the second anniversary of operation ‘Swift Retort’, a sigh of relief for the proponents of perpetual peace as Pakistan and India vows to seek rapprochement through de-escalating bilateral hostility. In the backdrop, Pakistan and India have agreed to the strict observance of all agreements, understandings, and ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) and all other sectors, Military Operations (DGMOs) developed consensus to address each other’s core issues and concerns which have the propensity to disturb the peace and lead to violence,” a joint statement said, referring to the heads of the military operation of the two countries. Furthermore, through the emblems of “Quiet diplomacy” two states looking forward to lower political rhetoric for normalization of bilateral ties that had been soared by persistent acrimonious exchanges and hostile configurations alongside LoC. The UN, US, and other global actors have welcomed the decision and urge two nuclear powers to persist and adhere to the ceasefire agreement for broader interests of the regional peace and security that has been finding hard to trace its feet on the ground due to dauntless traditional and non-traditional security challenges. It is pertinent to mention that over the years, In particular, the second phase of the Modi rule witness escalated violations of LoC. Statistically, Indian troops committed more than 2,900 ceasefire violations across the LoC in the year 2020, leaving as many as 33 innocent civilians martyred and another 260 wounded in different parts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). The fresh developments between the two states paving the path for the resumption of stalled ties. Additionally, in the aftermaths of the Indian revocation of article 370, the bilateral ties worsened further, since then all the prospects of economic, social, and diplomatic cooperation have been stalled and this deadlock also ensued colossal blow to the regional geopolitical intrigue and security at large. Notwithstanding, the pessimistic views the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan during the critical juncture of the Pandemic Crisis is a massive breakthrough and its smooth sustainability will allow the two states to address their outstanding issues through dialogue and peaceful means. From a realistic perspective, the rapprochement with Pakistan unlikely to work for the Modi regime concerning its domestic political standing, in retrospect, growing antipathy and deliberate hostility towards Pakistan remained the key source of domestic political mileage as this notion complies with the hardliners Hindutva ideology and concepts of ultra-saffron Nationalism. Any tilt towards Pakistan will dent Modi’s domestic political prowess that it has attained through deceitful propagating tools of spreading violence and antipathy towards Pakistan and Muslims identity at large. There is another significant factor that Pakistan has preconditioned the restoration of the previous status of Kashmir for the further continuation of dialogue between the two countries. However, the BJP government will not take such measures as it may turn out a political suicide for the current Indian government. Though there are ongoing petitions in the Indian courts vis-à-vis Kashmir revocation status and there is a possible chance of Supreme Court decisions to restore the prior status and it may give Modi some kind of face savings. Indian economy is severely jolted by the growing pandemic repercussions and with this alarming trend, Delhi cannot opt to pursue the coercive strategy in the region. The growing domestic unrest in the form of farmer’s protests and nationalist fragmentation has compelled Delhi to introspect into its policy trajectory that pushed the region into an enduring crisis. Arguably, in the domain of the regional geopolitical paradigm, the Modi government also facing challenges to keep its regional posture intact. The Biden administration in the US is seemingly adopting the same policy manual of Biden’s administration towards Asia Pacific and Afghanistan. India may not cherish the same kind of treatment by Washington as did during Trump’s administration. One of the major impediments for India is to handle twofold hostility with the two nuclear strategic allies that share geographic proximity with it. Above all Pakistan’s diplomatic maneuvering has attained resounding triumph in recent years and India’s policy apparatus has overtly failed to contain Pakistan’s regional and global engagement. Sensing the urgency Modi regime realized that the complete disengagement with Pakistan will undermine outplay India in geopolitical calculus that already teetering and wobbling to attain some considerable gains.

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