India’s violations of UNSC resolutions on Kashmir posed threat to regional peace, stability: Pakistan
Rehabilitation of Kashmiri pandits a move to change IIOJK’s religious, demographic composition
UNITED NATIONS: Pakistan told the United Nations Disarmament Commission Tuesday that India’s violations of UN Security Council resolutions on Kashmir posed a threat to regional and international peace, and urged the world community to call out its willful defiance of international legality.
“Failure to do so entails risks to regional peace and security in a nuclearised South Asia and beyond,” Ambassador Munir Akram warmed in an address to the Commission, which operates under the UN General Assembly and deals primarily with issues relating to disarmament.
The Pakistani envoy also drew the Commission’s attention to India’s “accidental” launching of a supersonic nuclear-capable missile into Pakistan’s territory on March 9, saying it reveals serious gaps in that country’s ability to manage its strategic assets.
Continuing his remarks about the threat to South Asia peace, he said it stems from India’s brutal suppression of the people of Indian-occupied Jammu and Kashmir; its demonstrated aggressive posture towards Pakistan; its unbridled accumulation of conventional and strategic weapons which are mostly deployed against Pakistan.
“We once again urge the international community not to neglect the threat to peace and security in South Asia,” Ambassador Akram said.
“India must halt its massive violations of human rights in occupied Jammu and Kashmir; it must halt its endeavour to settle Hindus in Kashmir to turn its Muslim majority into a minority; it must implement the resolutions of the Security Council prescribing a plebiscite to enable the people of Jammu and Kashmir to decide their own political destiny.”
Negotiations, he said, are the only pathway to peace. “A response to the wishes of the people is often the simplest path to conflict resolution,” the Pakistani envoy said, adding, “Palestine and Kashmir await the exercise of their right to self-determination.”
Elaborating the March 9 missile incident, Ambassador Akram said, “If this was a deliberate provocation, it was a highly reckless and dangerous act.
“If Pakistan had concluded that this was a nuclear-armed missile- launched in pursuance of recent Indian threats of a preemptive nuclear strike against Pakistan- we could have launched an immediate, retaliatory strike,” he said, adding that Pakistan’s self-restraint had prevented the outbreak of a nuclear conflict between the two countries.
“It is also a testament to Pakistan’s effective command and control over our strategic assets.”
Pakistan, he said, had conveyed a series of questions to India through the UN Security Council and the Secretary-General, including a call for the measures and procedures in place to prevent accidental missile launches and the particular circumstances of this incident; the type and specifications of the missile that fell in Pakistani territory, and the flight path/trajectory of the accidentally launched missile and how it ultimately turned and entered into Pakistan.
He also asked whether the missile was equipped with self-destruct mechanism, why did it fail to actualize, as also whether Indian missiles are kept primed for launch even under routine maintenance.
In addition, the Pakistani envoy pointedly asked, “Why did India fail to inform Pakistan immediately about the accidental launch of the missile and waited to acknowledge it until Pakistan announced the incident and sought clarification?
“Given the profound level of incompetence, India needs to explain if the missile was indeed handled by its armed forces or some rogue elements?”
“We are still awaiting India’s response,” Ambassador Akram said, hoping that India would provide its answers to these questions in the Disarmament Commission.
The Narendra Modi-led government is rehabilitating the Kashmiri pandit families back to the Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK), by offering substantial rewards, to change the religious and demographic composition of the disputed territory.
The pandit families were displaced in the wake of unrest during the late 1980s and early 1990s. It is widely believed that this exodus was orchestrated by the Indian government so that it could use it as a pretext to garner domestic support in favor of large scale military operation to quell freedom movement.
Now, the Indian government is channeling all its energies, cunningness and resources to subdue Kashmir but it remains resistant and resilient.
According to the Indian government’s statistics, some 3800 Kashmiri pandit families had already been rehabilitated. Around 44000 Kashmiri pandit families received INR/- 13000 per month and around 6,000 jobs had been created for them; out of which, 3800 have already been given.
Contrary to the lucrative offers being given to the Kashmiri pandits, the displaced Muslim families of the Gujarat riots were given a stipend of only INR/- 500 and that too was discontinued shortly thereafter and their camps were also forcefully shut down.
On July 2, 1984, G. M. Shah, who had support from Indira Gandhi, replaced his brother-in-law Farooq Abdullah and became the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, after Abdullah was dismissed, in what was termed as a political “coup”.
In 1986, Shah decided to construct a mosque within the premises of an ancient Hindu temple inside the New Civil Secretariat area which triggered Hindu-Muslim clashes.
In Vanpoh, Lukbhavan, Anantnag, Salar and Fatehpur, Muslim mobs plundered or destroyed the properties and temples of Hindus.
An investigation of Anantnag riots revealed that members of the Indian government-backed ‘secular parties’ in the state, rather than the Islamists, had played a key role in organizing the violence to gain political mileage through religious sentiments.
According to the official data of the Government of Jammu and Kashmir Relief and Rehabilitation, approximately 60,000 families migrated from the Kashmir valley and settled in Jammu and its adjoining areas. Out of these families, 23000 migrant families settled outside the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
After they left the valley, many states gave them seat reservations to take up medical or engineering courses which continues to this day. On the other hand, a Kashmiri Muslim family has to send their children outside India and spend nearly Rs. 50 lakhs to secure their admission in foreign countries.
The exodus of Kashmiri pandit families from the Kashmir Valley is a controversial issue.
On one side, there are stories of thousands of pandits who left the valley during the insurgency that erupted in IIOJK in 1989, suggesting that the community suffered enough intimidation to abandon their homes.