Historical perspective of Palestine dispute


Palestine is the land of prophets. Many prophets were born or died in Palestine, including Prophets Ibrahim (Abraham), Lut (Lot), Dawood (David), Suleiman (Solomon), Musa (Moses), and Isa (Jesus), alayhimu-salam.

Baitul-Maqdis in Palestine was the first Qibla (direction in which Muslims face when praying) too, and Muslims prayed facing Baitul-Maqdis for around 14 years, after which Allah ordered the Qibla to be changed towards the Kaabah in Makkah.

The Canaanites are the earliest known inhabitants of Palestine. They were thought to have lived in Palestine in the third millennium BC. Then Pharaonic Egypt controlled the area for much of the second millennium BC. Prophet Musa, alayhi-salam, was born in Palestine during this time. When Egyptian power began to weaken, new invaders appeared: the Hebrews, a group of Semitic tribes from Mesopotamia; and the Philistines, after whom the country (Philistia) was later named, an Aegean people of Indo-European stock. The Israelites, a confederation of Hebrew tribes, defeated the Canaanites, but the struggle with the Philistines was more difficult. The Philistines had established an independent state on the southern coast of Palestine and controlled the Canaanite town of Jerusalem. The Philistines were superior in military organization and severely defeated the Israelites in about 1050 BC.

Then, in around 995 BC, Prophet Dawood, alayhi-salam, Israel’s king, united the Hebrew tribes and eventually defeated the Philistines. The three groups (Canaanites, Philistines, and Israelites) assimilated with each other over the years. The unity of Israelite tribes enabled Prophet Dawood, alayhi-salam, to establish a large independent state, with its capital at Jerusalem. After the death of Prophet Dawood, alayhi-salam, in around 961 BC Prophet Sulayman, alayhi-salam, his son, became the new king of Israel.

After the emergence of nationalistic approach among the European, Israelis also felt the desire of nationalism. In 1880 this feeling became a pragmatic theory among Israelis, political minded Jewish groups stressed upon the need to get a separate Zionist state for them. In 1896 they started an organized campaign regarding their homeland.


In 1896 “HERZAL” who was French Jewish wrote a book by the name of “THE JEWISH STATE”, the same person gathered Israelis in 1897 and established first Zionist congress. This congress predicted that the dream for a separate state for them would soon come true. In that period Turkish were ruling the whole Middle East. In 1917 Britain invaded the area of Palestine by defeating Turkey and made promise to Jewish regarding division of area and their share for separate state. League of Nations decided to give this area under the rule of Britain for its development. In 1937 Britain presented a suggestion for the division of area in order to establish two separate states, Palestine and Israel. Jewish accepted that suggestion but Arabs denied and there started a Theoretical war.


After 2nd world war Britain’s economical position became so poor that it presented this dispute in United Nations on 29th of November 1947. General Assembly passed a resolution for division of area. Jewish accepted as 56% area of Palestine was going to become their property, but Arabs refused. In 1948, six Arab countries attacked Israel. During the war 7 lac Palestinians left their homes, 10% shifted to Jordan, 10% to Syria and 14% to other countries, comparatively 5 lac 80 thousand Jewish migrated towards Israel from the Arab world. 6 lac from Europe 60 thousand from Iran, 20 thousand from India and 1 lac from Russia.


The reason for providing these facts is to see and learn the pragmatic approach which Israelis adopted from the beginning of this issue. 80% land of Palestine was Jordan’s property and Gaza strip was Egypt’s regime. The people who migrated from Palestine towards Arab countries, instead of united those refuges, Arabs left them to their own.


In 1946 PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) was established for the purpose of ensuring struggle for freedom and a separate land. In 1976 Israel Army attacked some of the Arab countries and invaded some land of Egypt. Arab countries claimed that they would not give up, but that was only a statement and so called claim and reality was beyond this statement.


In 1979 there came a dramatic change when president “SADAT” of Egypt visited Israel and after discussion Egypt accepted Israel as a separate nation and Israel returned the invaded land of Egypt. PLO tried to solve this issue through dialogue, but it became a problem when PLO divided into two parts, one in favour of dialogue by the name of “AL-FATHA” and the other one in favour of armed struggle by the name of “HAMMAS”. Since then there are many ups and downs with regards to Palestine issue. Israel’s annexation policy is also very much evident.  Whatever happened in the past, there should be pragmatic approach to be adopted to solve this issue.  



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