Pakistan has a diverse topography that incorporates permafrost and alpine regions, temperate, tropical, and sub-tropical ecosystems and seaside zones. Pakistan’s diversity stretches out to its climatic, financial, and environmental qualities, which contrast essentially from region to region. Pakistan is home to five of the world’s 14 high altitude peaks and mountain ranges including Karakoram (K2), Himalayas, the Hindu Kush range, and Nanga Parbat. The Northern region of the country includes huge glaciers and serves as water towers for the Indus River while also being rich in biodiversity and wildlife. Pakistan’s mountainous ranges are also famous for their organic dried fruits and other souvenirs.
However, a major threat to the biodiversity of Pakistan’s mountainous ranges comes from environmental degradation. Climate change has made a large number of difficulties for the mountain ranges, including torrential slides, avalanches, decreased snow cover, melting glaciers, floods, and debasement of forests. This has eventually affected other sectors such as agriculture, tourism, and biodiversity in the region. Pakistan’s extended temperature increment is expected to be higher than the global average. The extended temperature increment in northern areas is similarly expected to be higher than the southern areas of the nation. The frequency of hot days and hot nights are also expected to increase essentially.
A major cause for extreme environmental tension in delicate mountain regions is irresponsible deforestation activity which further leads to a rise in temperatures in the north while risking the natural habitat of many living organisms in the lush green forests of the North. The forest trees of the North take in carbon dioxide and deliver oxygen during photosynthesis. But at the point when trees are chopped down and consumed or left to decay, their stored carbon is released into the air as carbon dioxide. This is how deforestation and forest degradation add to global warming.
Global warming is a serious issue, if it is not taken care of now, it will further lead to a chain of events to rupture ecosystems, weather patterns, and a variety of other factors. Therefore, to curb it now, we shall all play our part for our planet’s future. Deforestation and the melting of glaciers are causing drastic damage to agriculture and the country’s temperature likewise. Therefore, the government needs to take measures that emphasize using sustainable items by reducing the purchase product parity and increasing the use of recyclable material.