Gender equality Challenges and achievements

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Gender inequality and discrimination have been persisting worldwide. Despite of the evolving societies and attitudes as well as political mobility the violence against women can been seen as an evident phenomenon. According to surveys almost more than 35% of women around the globe are the victims of physical as well as sexual violence. There are no such proper maternity rights for women in many countries of the world. Globally, the average earnings of women are less than men with different variations in different countries. The political participation of women have been increased after the constructive and affirmative measures but still there are few parts of the world where women are not getting their share properly. Apart from all these facts many women around the globe are deprived of the basic necessities. In armed conflicted areas several violations against the basic rights of the women are a common practice.
All the said challenges have instigated UN Women to stand for the protection of the rights of women in order to get them their share so to retain their self-esteem. Religious extremism and so called norms in some parts of the world have also attacked the women rights. Such challenging environment is indeed a difficult scenario to work in thus UN Women has accepted the challenge with great valor. The atmosphere of resistance against the word “Women Rights” is also a stigma weakening the foundations of a society. As a patchwork of current offices, the governance of UN Women revealed through two main factors, planning and funding streams. As a beneficiary of limited funds from the UN’s evaluated budget, UN Women has prepared a periodic Strategic Framework and Budget for General Assembly endorsement. As a development organization, UN Women is generally funded by charitable contributions as well as the institutional support of the civil society and regional bodies. The Five-year Strategic Plan is demonstrated on the UN’s other development funds and programs as being part of the Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review.
The first three years of UN Women were mostly dedicated to institutional building, strategizing the agendas and planning in this regard. Expanding the network can said to be the first achievement of the organization. Commission on the status of women has earned so many achievements for the organization. Global COMMIT initiative by UN Women to eradicate violence against women has urged the governments to be more preemptive against this evil. The elimination of female genital mutilations (FGM) was also one of the initiatives, approved unanimously by the General assembly in 2012. The efforts and investigations by UN Women behind this success were extolled universally. The sustainable development initiative by UN Women has also opened new avenues for women with regards to economic, social and political participation. In 2013 Arms Trade Treaty was promulgated with a specific reference to gender-based violence followed by the advocacy program of the organization. No one ever could thought about the participation of Kenyan women in their general elections but the efforts initiated by UN Women have made this a possibility back in 2012. UN Women is also seeking to inject such political integrations in other African countries. Apart from the mainstream political participation UN Women also encouraged the participation of women in local governance. For instance In India, UN Women has assisted more than 65,000 elected women legislatures in village councils in five states to attain skills and self-assurance to advocate their primacies. As far as the economic independence of women in concerned, UN Women supported the gender equality reforms to endorse women’s land rights, exclusively to the livelihoods of rural women. Such reforms can be seen in Tajikistan. In Tanzania, Jamaica, morocco and many other African countries, trade and enterprise expansion strategies were engraved by suggesting the governments to ensure the gender equality. For self-reliance of women professional training sessions were also arranged with the help of local training institutes and banks. UN Women supports, 20 Safe Cities initiatives around the world. The development and promulgation of certain law to ensure the safety of a woman is also one of the achievements by the organization. In conflicted parts of the world where human rights have also been on stake, therefore it is not easy to raise voice for the rights of women but UN Women has brought this issue to the forefront in several conflicted areas like Mali, Yemen and many other transitional Arab States. It is indeed a very time consuming phenomenon to inject change in a society or particular mind set but still the need of this change can’t be right off. With collaboration of civil society, private sector, foundations and other stake holders and that too within a designated budget and other resources UN Women is paving the paths towards a progressive future of women around the globe.
Like in other parts of the world UN Women is actively engaged in upgrading the status of women in Pakistan.
UN Women is working closely with ministry of law and justice to implement the pro women legislations. For economic empowerment of the women of Pakistan, home based work opportunities have been initiated along with incorporating social protection policies. UN Women has been working closely with the National Commission on the Status of Women, provincial Women Development Departments and other crucial partners for implementation of laws, rules and strategies which are linked with the stigma of violence against women.
With the changing scenarios in the country, UN Women strongly feels the need to evolve the policies with accordance to the circumstances.

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