Pakistan and India have shared tense ties ever since the partition of British India. The recent tense environment between the two nuclear powers was the result of Indian unilateral and aggressive actions in the Indian illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK). Now, the world is witnessing rare developments between Pakistan and India as the Prime of India Mr. Narendra Modi sent letter to PM Imran Khan to extend greetings to the people of Pakistan on the occasion of Pakistan Day and showed the desire to have cordial relations with Pakistan. Before this letter, in the previous month, a surprise announcement was made in a joint statement by the militaries of the two countries on a ‘hotline contact’ between their directors general military operations (DGMOs). The statement added that they had recommitted themselves to the 2003 ceasefire arrangement at the Line of Control and agreed to address the ‘core issues’ that could undermine peace and stability. Later on, in a national security dialogue at Islamabad, Mr. Khan and COAS Bajwa had made strong pitch for peace with India. It has been reported that the recent talks between Pakistan and India have been brokered by the top UAE Officials.
It is important to note the Indo-Pak history has witnessed such developments in the past. Most of the time, the Indian role has not been positive. India-Pakistan peace-making made rapid gains in 2003-2007, under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Musharraf. Path-breaking CBMs, such as trade and travel between divided Kashmir, were implemented, yielding a draft framework agreement that could have provided a lasting solution to the Kashmir conflict. In the decades that followed, CBMs were expanded, though no progress was made on the framework agreement. In the last seven years, however, even CBMs were halted as India-Pakistan conflict escalated. Thus, the recent developments between India and Pakistan are positive but the government of Pakistan needs to be rational and proactive at the same time as the ruling party in India has always preferred Hindutva agenda over the regional peace and stability.