Education System


Given Pakistan’s deteriorating socioeconomic status, it is not surprising that the annual Punjab Rural 2021 Education Statement report shows that the school dropout rate in the province has reached 14% – a 5% increase from 2019. It is shocking that the school dropout rate is 2% higher than that of girls in rural areas of the province. The report also states that students in private schools do much better than those in public schools while boys continue to outperform girls with literacy and numeracy skills. These figures not only reflect the great loss of education the country is facing but also highlight the great inequalities arising from the old education system that the British acquired. This is not limited to Punjab and the whole country has a learning problem. Social and economic inequalities are manipulated in many different ways and have managed to dismantle Pakistan’s education system. On the other hand, you have private schools that hire qualified teachers who are able to provide general education. On the other hand, public schools continue to be plagued by corruption, racism, ghost teachers, and outdated syllabi. The breakdown also contributed to the epidemic as schools found it difficult to switch to online education programs and not all students could afford the technology. Internet access has also been a major problem in many rural areas. All of this has prompted parents and children to reconsider sending their children to school. The drop-out rate among boys has skyrocketed because, in times of low income and uncertainty, families choose to keep their children working and earning a living. The Prime Minister’s move to adopt the One National Curriculum seems promising that could help eradicate some of this inequality. But it is not done well, without consulting a specialist.

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