Economic growth of Pakistan does not seem encouraging for the next five years

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The growth rate of the Pakistan is recorded to be very high, making it the fifth most populated country in the world. Whereas the economic growth of the country does not seem to be encouraging for at least a period of 4 to 5 years.PSA the population Situation Analysis, which was initiated by the Ministry of Planning and Development, said Pakistan needs a growth rate of at least 7-8 percent for the next 30 years, in order to absorb the new entrants of the labor force. To check the population growth of the country and
address issues like mother and child health, Pakistan has adopted a multi-prolonged approach, said President Dr Arif Alvi speaking on an occasion. The president added, there is a lack of education regarding the birth spacing which led to frequent pregnancies resulting in high population growth. To resolve the issue, President said, there have been actions are taken, such as educating people to understand the importance of birth spacing using various means of communication and also took the ulema
on board in propagating the cause.The report for the growth of population in Pakistan stated that the population could reach to 383 million in 2050 if the growth rate is not controlled.The report said, although the country is classified as a lower-level income country since 2008 but some social and health indicators are comparable to the least developed countries as the GDP per capita reached $1565.The population of Pakistan in the period of 1951 to 2017 has grown from 34 million to 208 million and is projected to reach 263 million by 2030 and 383 million by 2050 with a growth rate of 84pc for the period 2017- 2050. The growth rate can be only controlled by strong population management policies. Out of the 33 million
married couples, in 2017, there were only 8.9 million users of modern methods and out of these 4.9 million had received the moderns means a year ago. Only 15pc utilizing the modern methods which is immensely low.The assessment mentioned that there has been a little progress in maternal, newborn, child health and overall family planning. Whereas the progress in sexual and reproductive health has been quite low and uneven.The report has shown an inequitable distribution of population in the country making females higher than males. This has also been associated with the increased participation of women in the attainment of education and economic activities. Although the rate of female participation in the labor force has increased 13.7pc(1990) to 20.3pc(2020) but it is still among the lowest globally. The country is also ranked among the lowest in female education, health and survival, and in equal economic participation
and opportunities.The country is also facing an alarming situation regarding dietary consumption. Pakistan is nowthe at bottom of the list for dietary energy consumption poverty passing down India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. PSA advised that poverty should not be limited to income but health, education and unemployment should be focused as well. As in 2019, 24pc of the population did not
consume the sufficient dietary energy requirements. The Minister of Planning Asad Umar said the measures for controlling the country’s population should have been started earlier, as now Pakistan is standing on the fifth position for highest growth rate in the world.He added that the government is committed to implementing all the required efforts to control the population growth rate for the sake of the health of children, mothers and families and for the prosperity of Pakistan by reducing the burden over
the resources and allocating them effectively.

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