The crime-terror nexus can be called an “Evil twince” and a new challenge for the states in international arena. In the post 9/11, era, organized crimes and terror groups have had an increasing influence on each other, and these groups have moved beyond coexistence and are now sharing organizational knowledge and experience. Terrorist groups are now benefiting from the previous criminal expertise of their recruits, for example, by falsifying documents, hacking institutional websites and obtaining financial benefits from arms trafficking, human trafficking, or the illicit trade in natural resources.
Meanwhile, this nexus among these transnational organized criminals and terrorists have evolved and intensified the threat to international peace and security for states and institutions, Meanwhile, the global counter-terrorism forum has developed the Hague good practices on the nexus between transnational organized crime and terrorism to assist states with facing and tackling this complex challenge.
As a starting point, State ought to expect to see all parts of the nexus, because the non-governmental organizations’ casualties, survivors, or former individuals from terrorist and coordinated crime groups are the significant medium of data in such manner.
States ought to help investigations into the organizational synthesis of criminal and terrorist organizations and their utilization of innovation and financing sources. Moreover, robust gender-based analysis is also crucial in addressing the root causes of the crime terror nexus, which should be applied to all of the nexuses, to strip transnational organized crime and terrorist outfits and their financial resources.
All the concerned state authorities must investigate several economies that use to exist within their premises, Such as, a significant characteristic of all these organized groups is their links with informal illegal economies. States must take a rigid action to eliminate and erase corruption, which is used by these groups to facilitate and prolong their activities in the region and beyond.
Additionally, Countries must legislate to allow the relevant authorities to target and keep check and balance over the illegal economic flows across their borders. Apart from this, hyper-globalization is also facilitating both actors to form a nexus easily and infiltrate through the borders via smuggling and they disguise themselves behind the liberal constructed walls of free trade and market.
Coordinated crimes and terror outfits oftentimes utilize existing channels and human streams in locales with under policed and permeable lines to conduct their activities, as the nexus keeps on developing, the information assortment examination, data collection, and information trade are likewise significant. This multitude of exercises ought to be upheld by supported cooperation and intelligence sharing between cross-line “border agencies” like customs, Europol, and Interpol.
Such type of cooperation will play a vital role in the field of cybercrime coupon between states and other pertinent organizations are especially significant in creating elective sources of data, for example, prison intelligence or private area accomplices like banks are empowered,
Prison intelligence and private sectors partners are encouraged in information flow becuase such methods has always been able to get recruitments, radicalization and creation of knowledge nexus.
There should be proper protocols of data protection in any information sharing which would improve prevention and collection of intelligence.
Furthermore, training programmes for specific prosecution and probation service should be launched to train the police in such endeavours. This training should include the differentiation training of police and judicial personel between transnational crime, terrorism and street crimes in order to cause disruption of nexus which is being facilitated by forces of globalisation.
Understanding of prosecution and sentencing is necessary in committing of such crimes which could only be possible when the domestic legislation is able to provide for powers to identify, investigation, prosecution of such individuals.
Youth must be discouraged from joining such organisations responsible for organised crime and terrorism which is important aspect of state’s terror combating efforts. So forth, awareness campaigns should be launched in order to inform youth of disruption capabilities of such individuals.