Conventional weapons refer to the weapons that are not weapons of mass destruction and are comprised of the most common weapons which are usually used in all types of conflicts and limited range fights. These weapons ordinarily include; artillery, small arms (pistols, rifles, and grenades, etc.), combat vehicles, landmines, combat helicopters, light weapons, warships, and ammunition. They are the principal tools used at wars even up to the present day. Conventional weapons are least expensive and readily available to any individual or a group and can be used to generate political, social, and religious unrest in societies. The use of these arms is sensed as a danger on a very large scale because of its unregulated trade, as the world focuses more on the proliferation of nuclear weapons and neglects the count of wars been fought with conventional weapons. Moreover, conventional weapons today are not just limited at the disposal of the state, now these weapons have been spread in the society and ordinary citizens use them without hesitating which disrupts the Social fabric. For instance, Amnesty International reported that “decades of reckless arms trading fueled the emergence and rise of ISSI”. On the prohibition of their proliferation and illicit trade, United Nations General Assembly and Security Council passed several resolutions and arms treaties. In 2013 UNGA adopted the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which was the first-ever global treaty aiming to prevent the use of conventional weapons in war crimes, genocides, human rights abuses, and their uncontrolled use by criminals. Before this treaty, there was a significant lack of norms and worldwide rules to trade small arms.
The asymmetric proliferation of these traditional weapons enhances the chances of conflict in multiple regions. The huge businesses of arms suppliers who remain the major beneficiaries of weapons being used at large do not support the regulations and indeed are the ones responsible to spread the weapons threatening the global peace equally as compared to the non-conventional weapons. The international community must adopt a “Do More” policy to control arms trafficking and to demotivate the smugglers and suppliers of these dangerous weapons, otherwise, the level of uncertainty would surge threatening global peace and security.