BRI and inclusion of Central Asian state


China’s Belt and Road initiative aims to make central Asia more connected to the world, yet even before the initiative was formally announced China had helped to redraw the energy map of the region. It had built an oil pipeline from Kazakhstan, a gas pipeline that allowed Turkmenistan to break its dependence on dealings with Russia and another pipeline that has increased the flow of Russian oil to China.
Chinese companies have funded and built roads, bridges and tunnels across the region. A ribbon of fresh projects, such as the Khorgos “dry port” on the Kazakh-Chinese border and a railway link connecting Kazakhstan with Iran, is helping increase trade across central Asia. The first Chinese-Turkmen tourism forum opened new horizons for residents of the two countries. The Turkmen visa service center named “Silk Road” was opened in Beijing. It will significantly increase the flow of tourists, experts say. In 2017, about 10,000 Chinese tourists visited Turkmenistan, and 14,000 travellers from the Central Asian country visited China. The two sides are planning to open direct flights and create new tourist routes.
In June 2009, the opening service of the principal offices of the Avaza National Tourist Zone occurred on the Caspian drift. The “Avaza” venture started by President of Turkmenistan possesses a unique place in the vital plans of the nation throughout the following decade and, in this way, is committed to aggregate the greater part of the most progressive accomplishments of world engineering, building, specialized outline and inventive thoughts. As of now, the cost of developed offices here is in excess of 1.5 billion dollars.
In the second phase Specific consideration will be paid to the formation of a full-scale diversion and stimulation complex – the development of a water stop, yacht and games clubs, eateries, campgrounds, a wide range of attractions, malls. Today safe stream runs 7 kilometres through the entire region of the resort. On the two sides of the, water driven structure finished entertainment territory will be broadened, sports and paddling, cruising regattas will occur there.
Turkmenistan’s position in China’s BRI project remains somewhat off the radar. It is remote, harbors a long and dangerous border with Afghanistan, and is the only Central Asian country not to have presented itself as a candidate to join the WTO. It is a strong willed nation, proud, and determined to follow its own “National Way of Development”, which essentially means an adherence to the old Soviet Union style of operations. The country has made little attempts to modernize its economy, and as a result has the worst record of economic and trade liberalization among the former republics of the Soviet Union. Turkmenistan turns into important intersection of the railroads, large transport and transit centre of Eurasia. Turkmen railway constructors work actively on building of the line from frontier station Serhetabat in Mary Velayat to Afghan city of Turgundy. This important for neighbour country project was launched on 29 November 2017, having blessed the start of the construction of the railway that opens large opportunities for Afghanistan to join transport and logistics system of Turkmenistan and entire region via Turkmenistan. This railway gives southern neighbour the most favourable mode of export of the production to foreign markets and import of required goods. This project will also support to the increment of the volumes of interstate cargo traffic as well as to the establishment of Turkmenistan as the key transport and logistics centre of the region and the continent.
The development of transport communications becomes one of the most important conditions of efficient international partnership these days. This subject is explained in details in the book of the Head of the State “Turkmenistan – the Heart of the Great Silk Road” based on the facts from national history, extracts of ancient legends and events of modern life of the country. In his work, the President makes special mention that is one of the fundamental roles in the establishment and active operation of the Silk Route.
Scientific sphere in Turkmenistan is considered as important factor of the improvement of scientific and technical potential as well as of the modernization of the country. As is known, the Concept of social and economic development of the State assigns leading role to innovative economy based on deep scientific and theoretical knowledge and wide practical experience joined together in efficient technologies.
The subject set by the Leader of the Nation is to bring national science to new world level of the development, to increase practical turnover of the researches and technical developments and to aim them to the solution of topical issues of social and state life. Special role in solution of this objective is given to the Academy of Science as to the main coordinator of scientific and research works and leading innovative, technological and experimental centre.

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