Artificial Intelligence and Future of Humans

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The worldwide quest to establish, improve and develop the Artificial Intelligence technology is growing and industrial applications of AI in developed and developing economies are proliferating. A brief definition of Artificial Intelligence, commonly known as AI, is “it is a nascent technology that is capable of imitating the intelligence similar to a human brain.” The impetus to adopt promising technology is its ability to rationalize and solve problems like humans. The current manifestation of the technology includes language translators and interpreters, visual perception and architecture, and decision-making programs. The idea is old but its sophisticated material realization is something new, which is why the developing and struggling economies like India and Pakistan are adapting to the appealing AI. Apart from the developed economies like China, USA and Germany, now these South Asian countries are investing heavily in the research and development of AI, deep learning, neural networking and data sciences. Higher Education institutes are now offering graduate programs in the field, both governments, India and Pakistan are endorsing the centers of research, and Start-ups of AI as opportune initiatives. Both countries have set milestones and goals to revamp the existing economic, social and political edifice of their nations with digital assistance and emerging technologies.
Agenda 2025 and 2030 has been set following the strategic adoption of the technology, by keeping a balance between action and caution in its incorporation. However, it is evident through the enormous investments of both nations in AI that they are opting for indigenous development of the technology by synthesizing it with other fields like economy, security, health etc. to address their individualised problems and strategic needs.
In both developed and developing countries, AI could boost GDP gains and increase the efficiency of the energy sector, along with its utility in all domains as military, and governance etc. Similarly, the technology has the potential to amplify the scientific and research developments in the field of education, agriculture, health and drug discovery etc. In the engineering sector, AI can act as an instrument of progression as it can support, produce and develop predictive maintenance, improved goods and performance, and reduce costs. Similarly, the incorporation of AI in credit and financial services have advanced the field of Financial Technology, now known as “FinTech”. The nascent technology is now assisting humans in streamlining and optimizing the processes ranging from credit decisions to quantitative trading and financial risk management, it can automatically generate errorless reports and spot anomalies etc. In a nutshell, the utility of AI as an emergent technology goes far beyond the imaginations and current application, ranging from the militaries to the domestic use and small businesses to large enterprises.
Nation-states, no matter they are developed ones or developing, are considering AI as the solution provider and strategic advantage, which can help to overcome the challenges like cybersecurity, ethics, national security, economic fallouts, and sustainable economic development etc. Current AI landscape shows an unevenness of AI adoption, its urgency and maturity by different actors like the US and China are currently leading the global AI development whereas other countries like Pakistan, India and UAE are also having an expedited approach towards AI adoption in their national edifice. Other countries are learning from the early adopters and addressing the individualised challenges through the nascent technology.
The advancement this neoteric technology will leave an indelible mark on the human civilization and varying views public views exist about the future of technology. Few hailing it as the giant leap in the human progression while others reprimanding it for increasing unemployment and making humans servile. In both views, there is a tacit agreement that the AI will be the forerunner of future technologies, similar to the prerogative of the internet or cyberspace in the latter half of the 20th century. Currently, the nation-states are also stressing on the indigenous development of the technology, and to compete others in this manmade cognitive realm of machines, many are investing heavily in the field and its latent technologies like data sciences, machine learning, IoT, neural networking etc. The rationale of the adaption of AI is its revitalizing, disrupting and transforming nature but it also renders the incorporation of this promising technology by nation-states as indispensable. It also poses a question that the actors who are lagging in the adoption of the emerging technologies will be left behind and not able to share the gains.

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