There are so many apprehensions amid US withdrawal from Afghanistan. What will happen next? This is indeed the most anticipated question everyone interested in. Probably the most noticeable geopolitical lapse, since the end of the Cold War, apart from America’s futile intervention in Iraq from 2003-2011, is now its conclusion to departure from Afghanistan by 11 September 2021.
The newly elected US President, Joe Biden, took some time to articulate his foreign strategy primacies including the departure from Afghanistan, which is plausible. Majority of his policies would contrast from those approved by his predecessor, Donald Trump. However, in August 2017, Donald Trump loudly announced, “US presence in Afghanistan would be determined by conditions, not calendars”.
Later Trump’s administration had eagerly speeded up the US negotiations with the Taliban’s resulting the peace deal with the group in February 2020. It is obvious that the 20 years of war in Afghanistan has drained the US far more than it could engross, leaving it economically fragile and militarily exhausted. According to researches, nearly 175,000 people in Afghanistan including 51,000 fighters had lost their lives while over 2,300 US soldiers had been killed.
In addition, the war had cost the US approximately US $2 trillion. Thus, it is not astonishing that succeeding US administrations have been looking for an honourable departure, even if the unlucky Afghans are left at the mercy whatever circumstances this departure will bring along. There are chances of civil war if the stakeholders in Afghanistan could not come out with some solid decisions. The battle for power can have far-reaching consequences with greater implications for the while region. General Austin Miller, commander of US forces, warned that, “Civil war is certainly a path that can be visualised if it continues on the trajectory it’s on. That should concern the world”.
However, unfortunately no concrete steps have been taken for the future of the country. For western countries that imposed forcible regime change in Kabul, and then assured to construct a new nation are witnessing the moment silently. Who knows what historians will make of George W Bush’s ill-conceived, too-costly Afghan adventurism? America’s military engrossment in Afghanistan is similar to Vietnam before it pulled out in 1975. More than two million Vietnamese from North and South, and 58 thousand Americans, died in America’s Vietnam War.
The US verdict to withdraw troops from Afghanistan has been made due to contemplations of domestic politics and economy, not for the sake of the people of Afghanistan Actually, the war displays every sign of escalating. A new humanitarian crisis emerges. There are presently some 2.5 million registered refugees from Afghanistan internationally, while another 4.8 million have been displaced within the country, according to the UN refugee agency UNHCR.
As Pakistan categorically stated that the country is working for the peace within Afghanistan as well as for the while region being a facilitator. The actual decision would be of the people of Afghanistan about their future. Previously this month, the United States announced more than $266 million in new humanitarian aid for Afghanistan, bringing to nearly $3.9 billion the total amount of such aid it has provided since 2002. According to United Nations, Some 18.4 million people, almost half the country’s population, need humanitarian help, which has appealed for $1.3 billion in funding for 2021.
So far, it has only received about 23pc of that. All this shows that a crisis can occur and things can be difficult to handle. The only way out is consensus on the issue among all the stakeholders. Foreign countries need to be more focused on how consensus can be build. Prime Minister Imran Khan already called on the United States to find a political settlement to its war in Afghanistan before withdrawing from the country. This seems to be still an enigma. Coming months are extremely important in this regard.